Seedless grape varieties, or the so-called seedless varieties, are currently many. Such grapes are used most often for fresh consumption, but some varieties are suitable for drying. Among all the varieties, the seedless raptors are especially fond of winegrowers and consumers. It is this kind of grape that is recognized as a leader in its category.
Almost all grape varieties that do not have seeds were obtained as a result of selection work. The exception is varieties such as Thompson and Black Monucca. A significant part of the varieties and hybrid forms was bred as a result of the crossing of these two varieties.
In varieties and hybrid forms obtained over many years, the presence or absence of seed rudiments varies significantly. Many have only traces of small rudimentary seeds. However, in some varieties and hybrids such traces of grape seed are very noticeable. Traces of grape seeds can vary not only in size, but also in terms of hardness and quantity.
Grapes without seeds, has an optimal ratio of sugars and juice acidity, which gives it a unique, very pleasant taste. In addition, the features of seedless grapes can be attributed to their use as excellent pollinators for other grape varieties and hybrids.
“Kishmish Luchisty”: features of the variety (video)
The best varieties
To date, there are two groups of boneless grape varieties, which include grape raisins and cinnamon. Despite the large number of seedless varieties, the best of them are still time-tested forms.
Seedless grapes are the least popular and best known for winegrowers. Interlaken, Saturn, Lackemmont, Remeilly, Suffolk Red, Vanessa and Venus Among the rape varieties there are also a fairly large number of varieties that deserve the attention of winegrowers for their excellent characteristics.
Quiche grows in the usual way. Inside the berry, seed embryos are laid, called rudiments, which under artificial conditions hatch and undergo several stages of growth and development before planting. Technology involves preservation of the embryo.
With cinnamon, the fruits are tied without the use of pollination, which suggests a complete absence of seed material. For propagation, vegetative methods are used, including the use of layering and cuttings. This reproduction allows you to save all varietal properties. Seed propagation is necessary exclusively for the breeding of new grape varieties.
Selection of seedless varieties is somewhat difficult, therefore, transgenic seedlessness, based on the introduction of the "seedless gene", is currently widely practiced. This technology is very modern and does not change the quality indicators of grapes.
In recent years, it is seedless grape varieties and hybrids that have been especially popular among consumers and have caused keen interest not only among amateur gardeners, but also professional winegrowers, due to high quality characteristics, sufficient stability and yield. In addition, such varieties and hybrids are unpretentious in cultivation and require minimal, standard care.