The intense red color of the pyramidal inflorescences, large, slightly wavy flowers, the power and height of the stem of the Oscar gladiolus inevitably attract the eye. Placing a flower on a background of white lilies creates an impeccable beauty composition with a classic of pure colors, delicate and at the same time contrasting.
Description of the variety and its application
Each year, more than 100 new varieties of gladioli are officially registered, but not all of them are durable. The gladiolus of the Dutch Oscar selection, which is less than two years old before the 60th anniversary, is one of the few centenarians.
Demanded to this day, it delights buyers with the splendor of bouquets, and helps breeders to create new varieties on their basis.
In the international classification, the Oscar has the code 556SP58NG, which means:
- 500 - the size of the flower is gigantic;
- 50 - color - red;
- 6 - shade - dark;
- SP - medium late flowering time (July-August);
- NG - non-corrugated.
Oscar's flowers are velvety, dark red with small yellow veins originating in the center of the calyx, and a fountain of tender stamens with a purple top. The size of the flower is 16x13 cm, the petals are wide, smooth. The inflorescence takes from 50 to 75 cm of a meter and a half stalk.
The arrangement of flower cups is double-row, regular, double-sided. In inflorescences, starting from the bottom row, from 12 to 24 bright flowers sometimes bloom simultaneously. Bluish-green leaves, long, linear, xiphoid, as if demonstrate the origin of its name from the Latin "sword". They cover the stem on both sides, giving it stability. Gladiolus Oscar is used in discounts, rockeries, curtains. It is planted in flowerpots, pots on the terrace or balcony. Cut flowers standing in a floor vase are a beautiful and elegant decoration of the house.
How to plant and store gladioli (video)
Gladioli came to Europe in the 19th century from Central Africa, where for thousands of years they have been considered symbols of happiness and an attribute of any holiday. They do not have resistance to severe winters. Therefore, the bulbs in the fall (September - October) are dug up and stored until spring.
The Oscar variety is not particularly demanding on the growing conditions, but when growing it, take into account:
- Landing location. Lighted areas protected from the wind. Penumbra is possible, but then the size of the flower will suffer.
- Ground conditions. Fertile neutral or slightly acidic (pH6), well-drained soils.
- Preliminary preparation of the land. This variety of gladioli requires a large number of nitrogenous fertilizers for growth, which are applied before planting.
- Soil moisture. Humidity is required, but without stagnation of water. Gladiolus can not tolerate drought, during flowering, the need for water increases.
- Bulb planting depth. Heavy soils - 8-10 cm, light sandy - 10-12 cm.
- Protection against diseases and pests. Gladiolus Oscar is sensitive to gray rot, thrips, ticks, nematodes.
Fulfillment of these conditions and high-quality preparation of the variety for planting will allow creating bright accents in the garden during its flowering.
Bulb and soil preparation
Oscar's cornflowers are planted in the soil, taking into account the climatic zone, starting in early April. In order for the eye to please its continuous flowering longer, it is necessary to plant a gladiolus in 10-20 days.
Bulb preparation for planting includes:
- peeling of dry husks;
- removal of unhealthy and damaged;
- selection of material with a small bottom (height is equal to diameter);
- rejection of bulbs older than 5 years;
- pickling the selected material with fungicides or a combined mixture with growth stimulants, as well as a solution of potassium permanganate (0.5%), immersing a gauze bag with bulbs in it for half an hour;
- wetting the bulbs with warm water to stimulate growth buds for 1-2 days and germinating them;
- selection of tubers (children) for growing new planting material.
There is an option for accelerated propagation of the Oscar variety. The central shoot is removed from the bulbs and planted upside down. In the practice of breeding, dividing tubers with kidneys into parts is used, followed by dusting the sections with charcoal and sulfur (1: 1). Breeders also work with seed.
Land is being prepared for planting in the fall: rotted manure and mineral fertilizers without potassium chloride are made for digging. Superphosphate is poured into the furrows when planting a flower. Sorted cornflowers are planted at the previously indicated depth, taking into account the size: small - for less, large - for more.
The distance in the row is 15-25 cm, between the rows - 30-45 cm. Gladioli are easily pollinated. To keep the variety clean, it’s best not to plant an Oscar next to other varieties.
Growing and storing cornea
Caring for the Oscar gladiolus is simple: weeding, loosening, timely watering. For the season he will need three top dressings:
- during a period of intensive growth;
- when budding;
- just before flowering.
You can use ready-made mixtures, or you can prepare top dressing: 10 l of mullein solution (1:10), 30 g of phosphorus and 20 g of potassium fertilizer. During the growing season, Oscars are sprayed 2-3 times with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Without frequent loosening, placement of crushed peat in the aisles allows dispensing.
If Oscar did not find a calm place in the garden, then they prepare a support so that the stem with a heavy inflorescence does not break. After flowering, an ear is cut, leaving almost all the leaves. Cornflowers are dug in dry, sunny weather, when the leaves turn yellow, in late September - mid-October, so that they dry well.
Gladiolus: bulb preparation (video)
Then the leaves are cut off, leaving a “stump” at least 1 cm high, and dried in a dry room with ventilation for a week. Subsequently, the roots and soil are removed, the remainder of the stem is separated and dried in the room for another month. Bulbs are stored at + 5 ... + 9 ° С and relative humidity of 70%. Their houses are usually stored in refrigerators, between window frames, on glazed loggias, in cellars.