Garden strawberries, or strawberries, are one of the most popular berries among summer residents. Its unusually tasty, fragrant, delicate berries are a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. Of the variety of varieties of this berry, gardeners often prefer those that bear fruit all season, that is, remont. Strawberry "Irma" - the best representative of this variety of garden strawberries.
Garden strawberry "Irma" can be called a newcomer to the domestic market. This variety of Italian selection has been known to us for a little over 10 years.
The bush is of medium height, with powerful roots, the leaves are large, dark green, not too thick. The plant has few whiskers, peduncles are well developed, and are located high.
This variety belongs to mid-early species. Fruiting occurs in mid-June, when the bush has time to strengthen and adapt after wintering. This ensures a stable harvest until the end of summer and even in autumn.
- immunity to strawberry mites, as well as root diseases;
- high yield: with stable watering and caring care, you can collect from one bush to a kilogram of berries;
- frost and drought resistance;
- the fruits retain their presentation in transit and are stored for a long time.
This variety in the continental climate can be grown everywhere in greenhouses, and in the open ground, and even in packages.
Strawberry "Irma": features of the variety (video)
Characteristics of berries
The fruits of the Irma strawberry are large, fleshy, bright red, have a beautiful drop-shaped shape with a sharp nose. Their average weight is 30-35 grams, although individual specimens may be larger.
Due to their high sugar content, they have a pleasant, delicate taste. Fruits ripening at the height of summer taste and aroma are much better than the early ones.
Strawberry Irma is a record holder for vitamin C content: just a few berries provide the daily need for it. In this strawberry there are many trace elements (zinc, selenium, iodine and others), antioxidants, organic acids.
Being a low-calorie, dietary berry, it improves metabolism and normalizes weight. It also removes excess fluid from the body, while reducing swelling. Despite the high carbohydrate content (up to 20%), this berry is recommended for diabetics, as lowers blood sugar.
Features of planting and growing
In most cases, Irma strawberries are grown in seedlings. To get seedlings, seeds are sown in containers in February-May, where they are kept at a temperature of at least 18 degrees under the film until germination. When at least 5 leaves appear, seedlings are transplanted into the ground. The place is chosen sunny, because in shaded areas, the berries are smaller.
When landing, the following technology is observed:
- preparation of land on the site for strawberries is carried out ahead of time, good predecessors for it are legumes, clover, rapeseed, lupine. They saturate the soil with nitrogen;
- before planting, the soil is loosened and removed all the remains of plants of previous years;
- beds should be about a meter wide, bushes are planted on them with an interval of up to half a meter;
- holes for plants are dug up with a size of 25 by 25 by 25 cm, they are abundantly watered with water;
- organic dressing is prepared in each well, prepared from a mixture of 1 bucket of earth, 1 bucket of compost, 2 l of biohumus, 2 glasses of ash;
- roots when planting should be directed vertically, and the apical bud should be slightly above ground level;
- Planted seedlings should be watered and covered with a small layer of mulch from fresh sawdust, grass, needles.
Before the plants get stronger, you need to remove all the peduncles that appear on them. Care for strawberry beds consists of the following agricultural measures:
- Watering, which should be regular throughout the season. But in the area where there is a layer of mulch, the soil dries out less.
- Loosening the soil between the rows. It is carried out three times, but only before the fruiting begins.
- Weeding and removing blushing and old leaves.
- Top dressing with ash, which also serves as a protection against pests. It is better to sprinkle the leaves with it.
- Mustache Removal. Rooted, they "distract" the plant from fruiting.
- Preparations for winter, which consists in reducing watering before wintering, pruning mustaches and damaged leaves, mulching with humus or peat, and in winter - covering the plants with a layer of snow.
Sometimes, to prolong fruiting, strawberries in September-October are covered with a transparent film. This protects plants from night frosts and from gray rot disease.
Irma variety strawberries are grown relatively recently in our country.
Despite this, the responses of summer residents about it are the most flattering:
- the variety is highly productive, resistant to lack of moisture;
- during rains the berries sometimes crack, although their taste does not suffer from this even after 2-3 days of continuous rain;
- this strawberry is well adapted for cultivation in places where conditions coincide with its natural environment - in river valleys, in southern mountainous regions;
- the appearance and taste of the fruit is very attractive, they are not “baked” in the sun;
- the novelty is very resistant to spotting and tick damage.
When to fertilize strawberries (video)
Strawberry Irma, which came to us from Italy, took root well in domestic summer cottages. This delicious, beautiful, healthy berry can be harvested for almost 4 months. And having prepared aromatic jam or jam from it, enjoy its unforgettable dessert taste in winter.