Gloxinia is one of the most beautiful and bright indoor plants that came to our homes from sunny Brazil. In the wild, it is a shrub or better to say tropical grass. Gloxinia is presented in many varieties and hybrids, which differ in their color and the shape of the flowers.
Flower growth and planting technique
Despite its elegance, gloxinia does not require any kind of supernatural care, to look after it is quite simple, even a novice gardener will cope with this task. This flower is very sensitive to light, it loves the sun, but direct exposure to sunlight can leave a burn, therefore, the best habitat for the plant will be the area with the most diffused light. Choosing a place between indoor plants for gloxinia is very important in the formation of the crown.
To better understand the technique of courtship for this lovely flower, you need to familiarize yourself with its life cycle. Gloxinia blooms from March to October, after which it begins to rest. During this period, the plant can drop leaves and will not show signs of life. The tuber of the plant will be kept intact, you just need to keep the flower pot in a dark place at this time. From time to time it will be necessary to moisten the soil without the aboveground part of the plant.
A new season for the flower begins when buds form on the tubers. If this phenomenon occurs, the root is thoroughly washed under running water and transplanted into new soil. Some gardeners recommend holding the root in potassium permanganate for 20 minutes after washing. To plant gloxinia, it is very important to choose the right soil. Perfect for the normal development of the soil, which is used for planting violets.
You can independently prepare the soil for this flower. You will need to mix the earth from under any deciduous tree, except oak, peat and sand. If possible, you can add manure or humus. For the optimal growth of gloxinia, you need to choose a pot wide and low, as its roots grow in breadth.
Gloxinia: propagation by seeds (video)
After planting the flower, the pot is placed on the sunny section of the windowsill. At the first stages of the new season, gloxinia should be watered with extreme caution so as not to damage the fragile stems. Water must be settled, in no case flowing. Gradually, the dose of water needs to be increased.
It is very easy to understand during the growth process whether the flower is sunny enough: if the leaves are horizontal, then you need not worry, but if they grow up, this means that there is not enough light and the pot needs to be moved.
Separately, I would like to mention ventilation and drafts: they are fatal to plants of this species.
When watering a flower, be careful, he does not like water on leaves and flowers. The water used for irrigation must be 3 ° C warmer than room temperature. Most of the water required flower in the period from August to October, so that he can properly prepare for "hibernation".
As for fertilizer, then gloxinia needs to be fed once every 10 days, at the end of August, feeding is completely stopped.
If you do not fertilize in a timely manner, the plant will slowly grow, the buds will not fully open, the color of the flower will be pale, in addition, the flowering period will be reduced several times. If notches begin to appear on the leaves of the plant, this means that it lacks boron. To eliminate this defect, you need to fertilize the flower with a 2% borax solution. But an overabundance of fertilizers for gloxinia is much more dangerous than a deficiency, so if you undertook to grow this flower, observe moderation in everything.
During winter holidays, gloxinia is required to be stored in a dark, cool place with a pot. Or the tuber can be removed from the substrate, washed thoroughly and stored in a plastic bag with a lock. For storage, the vegetable compartment of your refrigerator is perfect.
How gloxinia propagates
If you decide to try yourself as a breeder, you will be interested to know how gloxinia propagates. For this, you can use ordinary seeds or try the vegetative method. You will need to take the smallest of the leaves of the plant. When using large, it will have to be divided into smaller parts. You need to cut the leaf along. The cuttings in the selected leaf also need to be trimmed, but so that no more than 2 cm remains. The cut leaf is placed in moist soil, but it must be covered with polyethylene on top. After a month, the leaf should take root, and you can gradually open the polyethylene, accustoming gloxinia to life outside the “greenhouse”.
If you do not properly care for gloxinia, it, like any other plant, will be more susceptible to pests and diseases, it may die. Stick to the above tips, and on your windowsill there will always be a bright flower from a tropical country.