It would seem, what gladioli, landing and care in Siberia? After all, this flower loves warmth, since it comes from hot subtropics. Yes, in Siberia it can be warm and even hot - above +30 ° C. And at night, summer temperatures drop to +7 ° C. It has a sharply continental climate. And for gladioli need constant heat - both day and night. But what about those who in these parts want to admire the majestic fencer?
How to adapt gladioli to the Siberian climate
The gladioli breeder from Siberia, Boris Krasheninnikov, who has been growing these beautifully flowering plants from the iris family for over 20 years, gives advice on how to adapt flowers to the harsh Siberian climate. He grows a newly acquired plant variety from a baby. From the strongest specimens of flowers, the largest and most healthy children again take and from them again grows flowers. At the same time, in order for the children to form larger, the breeder does not allow gladioli to bloom. The bulb of the third generation, according to the breeder, is already adapted to Siberian conditions.
Such work requires patience and perseverance from gardeners, so it is not suitable for those who want to get everything at once.
Since the Siberian summer is short, and spring and autumn pass almost imperceptibly, it is better to use early varieties of gladioli for growing here, so that the bulb has time to ripen. However, for Krasheninnikov, cultivation of late varieties is also possible. He advises to plant late gladioli in open ground well-grown at home for 2-3 weeks.
Gladioli: landing and care (video)
Agrotechnics of growing gladioli in Siberia
To grow gladioli with plentiful and large flowers, you need to carefully prepare not only the planting material, but also the soil for planting them. A well-fertilized soil is suitable for these colors. Therefore, experienced gladiolus growers recommend that in the autumn deeply, about 40 cm, dig a plot under the flowers while simultaneously adding humus (15 kg per 1 sq. M) and phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (40 g per 1 sq. M) to the soil.
In the spring, the area for gladioli must be thoroughly loosened and nitrogen fertilizers applied (30 g per 1 sq. M).
When to get gladioli from the winter store? Siberian florists advise doing this a month before planting, that is, in late April or early May. Corms are transferred to a room with a temperature of about 20 ° C and peeled. For planting, you need to choose not damaged, strong bulbs with a smooth surface.
Before planting, corms need to be sanitized. To do this, they need to be held for several hours (or a day) in a raspberry solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). A week before the planting of gladioli bulbs in the ground, they can be placed on a pallet with a wet rag or burlap (you need to add water as you evaporate). So, small roots form on the lower part of the corms, and the bulbs begin to sprout faster.
Landing is made in late May-early June. Although the earth is already deeply warmed up at this time, there may still be unexpected frosts. To protect against cold weather, plant the bulbs deep enough - by 15-20 cm. From above, the soil can also be mulched.
You can not plant bulbs of gladioli in very wet soil, because they can rot and not germinate.
Care for sprouts emerging from the earth consists in loosening and moistening the soil, removing weeds. When the second leaf appears, you need to feed the plant every 1.5 weeks. For this, a diluted 1:20 infusion of chicken manure is suitable. Mullein should not be added at this time, since it contains a lot of nitrogen. This can harm the stem. It will become soft and will not be able to withstand heavy ears of flowers.
Further care of the plant consists in regular morning watering under the root, loosening the soil to saturate it with air, and removing weeds.
Gladioli: preparing bulbs for planting (video)
Excavation of gladioli is necessary only after the ripening of the bulbs. But in Siberia, when the summer quickly turns into winter, it is difficult to ripen corms. But if the landing was carried out deep enough, and on the surface of the soil around the cut gladioli there is a good layer of mulch, they will not be afraid of early frosts.
The video tells about the landing of bred gladioli in the ground.