Home care for hyacinth in a pot is not particularly difficult. It is enough to follow some rules.
The main characteristics of the plant
Hyacinth is a plant that has the same Latin and folk name. In Latin, its name means "flower of the rain." He really loves moisture, although he can survive short-term drought. In this, the bulb, which is a large kidney, helps him.
It consists of fleshy leaves and a sleeping shoot. Before the start of vegetation, this shoot eats due to the reserves of leaves of this bud. At the same time, rapid growth and abundant flowering in early spring is carried out.
From the bulb leaves a rosette of elongated leaves and one stem with an inflorescence. The flowering stem is a direct continuation of the bottom of the bulb. In hyacinth, as in many bulbous plants, after flowering, the flower-bearing stem together with the leaves dries out. After that, a kidney is formed in the corner of the topmost sheet inside the bulb. It grows, forming a new bulb.
The flowers resemble a bell in shape, but are collected in an inflorescence brush. The fruit is a leathery box with three nests, each of which contains two seeds with a fragile skin.
The wild ancestors of cultivated hyacinth grow in the eastern Mediterranean and Central Asia. In culture, this plant has acquired many forms and colors. Most often there are blue, purple, pink, white, yellow flowers.
How to grow hyacinth at home (video)
The rhythm of hyacinth life in the room
Despite the fact that hyacinth at home on the windowsill has become commonplace, it is not possible to force this plant to grow and bloom all year round - the memory of wild ancestors is affected. Hyacinth in a pot, just like in nature, should rest for a while. The growth of indoor hyacinth consists of the following steps.
- After the plant fades, it is necessary to cut off the withered inflorescence from the bulb.
- For some time you need to continue moderate watering of the plant. This should be done until the leaves are completely dry.
- After this, watering should be stopped, and the bulbs should be transplanted from the pot. They are kept in a cool dark place for 3 months. At this time, hyacinth should gain strength and form new bulbs.
- Bulb should be planted when new green shoots climb out of it. After that, it is time to transfer the flower to the window with good lighting.
At this time, it is time to ask the question "how to care for hyacinth" in order to achieve abundant flowering from it.
Care, breeding and transplantation
Before planting hyacinth in a pot, you need to carefully examine the bulb. If young bulbs are easily separated from the mother bulb, they can be separated and transplanted, but not in a pot, but in open ground. There they must mature into adulthood. If the bulbs do not separate, they are transplanted with the mother onion.
In order to understand how to grow hyacinth beautiful and healthy, you need to follow the following rules.
- Hyacinth should be planted in fertile soil with lots of organic matter and neutral acidity. In no case should you land in acidic soil.
- To place a pot with this plant, select the most lit places. If there are no such windows, but you want to admire the colors, organize artificial lighting.
- It is necessary to ensure a stable temperature of about 20-23 ° C, without drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
- Despite the presence of the bulb, the moisture in it does not save the flower from drying out. You need to water the plant regularly, the soil in the pot should be constantly moist.
- At home, the earth in the pot can quickly be depleted, so it is necessary to feed at all stages of the individual development of hyacinth. Bulbs that are at rest can be sprayed with a weak solution of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
- A flowering plant needs to be fed twice a month with special preparations to stimulate flowering. However, caution must be exercised here - too frequent top dressing can change the acidity of the soil to a pronounced alkaline, which is also not desirable for keeping hyacinth at home.
- Before planting hyacinth, prepare the soil. A large amount of humus is good, but there is one danger. If you put a lot of easily decomposing organic matter, then this can cause an increased nitrogen content and too rapid leaf growth. In this case, the flower will develop poorly. Problems may arise with the formation of new bulbs.
Planting should be carried out in a pot with good drainage, which can be used as a moss. This will make the soil more loose, moisture-resistant, with the optimal content of slowly decomposing organic matter. Moss can also be used as mulch.
To properly grow hyacinth, care should be carried out at all stages of plant development. Otherwise, the following problems may appear:
- Peduncle too short. This occurs when irrigation is improper, contrasting temperature conditions, insufficient lighting and low soil fertility.
- Shedding of buds occurs. This can happen if the temperature is too high and the watering is insufficient.
- Hyacinth does not bloom. This trouble can occur with a lack of phosphorus or potassium in the soil, as well as with improper storage of bulbs. Usually it is storage at too high a temperature, which leads to a premature loss of moisture and minerals in the bulb. An onion too small can lead to the same effect.
The specifics of watering a plant
It is important to know in advance how to water the flower. The plant loves moisture, which is why, growing it in the house, you need to ensure regular proper watering. During this process, water is poured exclusively along the very edge of the bowl. If fluid enters the sinuses of the leaf, the hyacinth flower may die. It is better not to use standard watering cans.
For watering hyacinth, it is desirable to use melt or rain water, first it must be warmed up to normal room temperature first. In addition, growing hyacinth at home, it is better not to spray it, because such actions can only harm the plant, especially during its flowering.
How to light hyacinth
To properly grow hyacinth, home care should be impeccable. Particular attention should be paid to lighting, because the flower needs a plentiful amount of sunlight. In order to successfully remove hyacinths at home, it is necessary to provide him with at least 12 hours of sun per day. You can use artificial lighting.
Hyacinth: care after flowering (video)
Thus, to solve a problem called how to grow hyacinth at home is not so difficult. Simply, the plant needs to create favorable conditions for flowering and periodically ensure dormancy in the bulb.
Care: problems and diseases
You need to know how to care for hyacinth, otherwise problems will begin. Among the most common are the following:
due to non-compliance with the temperature regime, indoor hyacinths cease to bloom;
if it is wrong to water hyacinth at home or put the plant on a draft, its leaves will immediately turn yellow;
due to insufficient lighting, indoor plants begin to fade;
if water gets on hyacinth in room conditions, buds may begin to fall;
as a result of waterlogging, the flowers will begin to rot away.
It’s easy to take care of hyacinth at home, because there are very few diseases that affect the flower. The most common is yellow bacterial rot. Around the bulb appears mucus, and the leaves are covered with black dots.
If home-grown hyacinth is sick, you need to destroy it, disinfect the pot and throw the soil away. To prevent rot from returning and affecting the rest of the plants, preventive measures should be taken periodically. It is better not to pour hyacinth in home vases, and the bulbs must first be etched with phosphorus-containing preparations.
Among the most dangerous pests are the following:
For their destruction, specialized preparations are used, which are used before the formation of buds.