Mid-season potato Kolobok from the originator VNIIKH named after A. G. Lorch and Agrocenter Korenevo is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for the Central Region. The variety has been in the State Register since 2005, and over the 10 years it has managed to become popular in our country and neighboring countries.
Variety characteristic "Kolobok"
Bushes of Kolobok potatoes are formed from medium or high stems of an intermediate type of growth, semi-erect. Floral corollas are white in color. The leaves are light green, intermediate type, and their size varies from medium to large.
Root crops are rounded in shape, covered with a slightly rough skin of light beige, with a yellow tint, color. Eyes are frequent, medium-deep. The pulp is creamy white, with a starchiness of 16-18%. The average weight of a commodity tuber can range from 125 to 140 g.
Potato ripening medium: The period from mass shoots to full technical maturity can take from 80 to 85 days. The maximum yield of the variety is 256 c / ha. The marketability level reaches 87-97%, keeping quality - about 98%. The variety has immunity to the pathogen of potato cancer, but is susceptible to potato nematodes and late blight of tubers.
Potato "Gingerbread Man": harvesting (video)
Rules for planting potatoes "Kolobok"
Potato varieties "Kolobok" is unpretentious and perfectly adapts to any soil. For its planting, only high-quality and healthy planting material, represented by medium-sized tubers, is used.
Before planting, you should completely prepare the soil of the site under growing potatoes and make sure that the soil is warmed up to a temperature of 8 ° C at a depth of half a bayonet bayonet. Potatoes of this variety do not tolerate waterlogging, but at the time of planting, the soil should have sufficient moisture for germination and development at the initial stage of vegetation.
In the autumn, the soil must undergo a deep digging with fertilizers. In the spring, a shallow digging of the site is carried out, the removal of all plant residues and weeds. Rows should be arranged from north to south to improve plant illumination and accelerate crop ripening. If the site is located in a lowland or there is a high occurrence of groundwater, it is advisable to plant potatoes on ridges or ridges.
Preplanting processing of potato tubers, selected as seed material, consists in germination in the light. Well sprouted potatoes have strong shoots, the length of which does not exceed 2-3 cm. In addition, the susceptibility of this variety to late blight requires processing by special means. A good effect can be achieved by treating the tubers with Albit or Kurzat.
Landing is carried out in rows. The distance between the rows should be 60 cm, and between the landing holes - approximately 25-35 cm. It is recommended to fill in each planting hole, under a tuber, a handful of wood ash and about 500 g of quality humus. Also prolonged action organic fertilizer “Potato” should be used, which should be applied at the rate of 20 g per each well. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers can be used both in the autumn and during the spring digging of the soil.
Variety Care Features
Potato varieties "Kolobok" does not require special care, but responds well to high agricultural practices. With proper and timely care, a significant increase in yield and an improvement in the quality characteristics of tubers can be observed.
- The first hilling is recommended when the potato tops reach a height of about 20-25 cm, and the second - a couple of weeks after the first. At the same time, abundant watering of plants along the furrows should be carried out.
- In a too dry period, a good result is achieved by sprinkling potato tops. After flowering, watering is not recommended due to the high risk of plant damage by late blight.
- Spraying the tops during the growing season with Bitiplex will protect the plants from the Colorado potato beetle. To prevent the defeat of potatoes by late blight, spray with agents such as "Poliram", "Kurzat" or The Ordan according to the instructions supplied by the manufacturer.
- In all periods of vegetation, the cleanliness of the site should be monitored and timely not only removal of weeds, but also shallow loosening of row-spacings.
Reviews of potato growers about the variety "Kolobok"
Most often, the "Kolobok" potato is characterized by both experienced and novice growers positively: they describe this variety as high-yielding, unpretentious and quite worthy of cultivation in the infield, note even yellow tubers shaped like koloboks.
The potato is very crumbly, as it contains a lot of starch, and is well digested. Harvested is perfectly stored throughout the winter period. If you are planning to grow this variety from biological seeds, you should carefully purchase planting material, since its quality is extremely unsatisfactory for some growers, according to vegetable growers.