Field carnation is a small herbaceous plant with bright pink flowers. These are the very cute herbs that, one by one, seem to be not very noticeable, but if they grow out of a curtain, they bloom all together, then you can understand all the charm of wildflowers.
Field carnation (Dianthus versicolor) belongs to the category of herbaceous perennials. It belongs to the clove family, the clove genus.
Its numerous stems grow from 30 to 50 cm in height. Leaves in cloves are opposite, whole-edge, linear-lanceolate.
Flowers of this species are a model for plants of this genus and family. They are localized one at a time on the top of the shoots. They have four sepals, serrated petals, painted in pink and purple with a greenish outer side. The fruit of the field carnation is also typical - it is a small multi-colored box.
Popular names for cloves
This plant, most likely, because of its prevalence, has many different names.
Its popular name is represented by the following options.
- Watch. So the carnation was called by observant people who noticed that the pink flower closes at night and during a period of bad weather. This brings a small plant a good water saving: after all, at night and in the rain insects still do not fly.
- Spark, Dawn. These names of field carnations do not need comments: a flower amidst greenery is bright, like a spark from a fire or like the rising sun.
- Wild soap. This is sometimes called this plant by those who know that its roots are capable of producing foam.
- Field tear, maiden grass. These lyrical names reflect the attitude to a small, thin and beautiful grass as a girl trusting her innermost thoughts only to plants.
- Carnation is multi-colored. This name comes from the ability of a plant to produce flowers of different shades.
Carnation: history, types, care (video)
Area of distribution and habitat
This plant is a typical inhabitant of the temperate climate of Eurasia with predominant vegetation in the form of broad-leaved or mixed forests. In addition, it feels good in conditions of forest-steppe and forbs of wet steppes.
The name of field carnation comes from its place of growth. It is a typical meadow perennial growing in the fields as a weed, as well as in marshy meadows.
Meadows are the kingdom of herbs with a developed root system, rhizomes, bulbs, tubers and other devices that allow the plant to capture space and keep it from penetrating other species.
Thanks to the rhizomes, the flower can quickly grow after damage and not let other plants into the conquered territory. It is with this strategy that carnation forms pink flowering carpets or contributes to the meadow variety of vibrant colors.
Field carnation is very resistant to haying and grazing, but does not tolerate fires and trampling. For this reason, it is part of the grass stand of forest glades and treeless dry areas where hay is mowed and cattle grazed, but disappears from territories where many people walk and frequent fires are held.
Carnation in Landscaping
This plant blooms profusely for 3 months - from June to August. Moreover, it is able to form a continuous carpet of flowering grass, where even pink leaves are not visible behind pink flowers. The photo clearly shows how you can use this wonderful property of field cloves. In addition, taking this plant as a basis, you can create a composition of meadow forbs, combining pink clove flowers with blue cornflowers, white daisies, etc.
Field cloves can be grown both from seeds and by transplanting an adult plant. Like every meadow rhizome plant, it quickly recovers from a root injury. The main thing is to provide the plant with favorable starting conditions for the first time.
Field carnation loves dry soils. That is why it must be planted in sunny, well-heated and drained areas. The earth should be loose, neutral or slightly alkaline, fertile, but not heavy. If the soil in which I would like to plant cloves does not have these characteristics, then it is necessary:
- mix the earth with sand before sowing;
- make plant organic matter (grass, leaves, straw);
- to lay on top of the beds a small layer of humus mixed with leaves or grass;
- pave pebble drainage if necessary.
Planting adult specimens with rhizomes is better in the fall - in September or early October. The main thing in this case is to calculate the time so that the plants have time to take root, but do not begin to actively grow. You can transplant in the spring, but then this year there will be no flowers.
Seeds are best sown only in spring. Of course, this can be done in the fall, but then there will be a danger of seed germination in the winter, for example, during a long late fall. Such sprouts may not survive negative temperatures.
During spring sowing, cloves emerge quickly - after 12-18 days. After a successful winter sowing, seeds usually germinate in April, that is, shortly after thawing the top layer of the earth.
Care for field cloves is minimal - it is mainly weeding. This plant is well adapted to arid conditions, but can withstand temporary waterlogging. The roots of field cloves are located very close to the surface of the earth, so the bushes of this plant are able to be fed for a long time from the water coming in with the dew.
Carnation: propagation by cuttings (video)
However, this plant does not tolerate prolonged stagnant waterlogging. This should be considered when choosing the location of a bed with a clove. Best of all, pink flowers will delight you on small hills. The only nuisance that can be expected from cloves is the rapid growth with rhizomes. However, this process is completely manageable.