Tulips are one of the most popular garden plants, they can be found on almost any garden site. The point here is the variety and abundance of their varieties, the delicate beauty and undemanding care, which attracts even novice growers to grow them.
Advantages and disadvantages of tulips when planting in the garden
Many amateur gardeners consider tulips the most suitable bulbs for suburban areas. After all, they have such advantages:
- unpretentious perennials can be grown up to 5 years in one place. At the same time, they retain their decorative effect;
- most varieties of tulips easily tolerate frosts and multiply rapidly;
- referring to early flowering crops, they feel good near dense shrubs and trees that before they bloom have not yet had time to grow, forming a shadow;
- the bright greens of these bulbs remain for a long time after their flowering;
- if you plant annuals such as phloxes, petunias next to tulips, then such a flower bed will delight you with its beauty for a long time, because the flowering of some plants is replaced by others.
The main disadvantage of tulips, like other bulbs, is the relative short duration of their flowering. With the help of the right choice of varieties and planting dates, experienced flower growers manage to achieve an extension of flowering until the beginning of summer.
Is it possible to plant tulips in October and when to do it
Tulips are frost-resistant bulbous. Therefore, autumn is a good time to plant them in the open ground, ensuring successful flowering in the next season. But at the same time, it is important to know when it is best to plant them, so that, having taken root, they have time to prepare for wintering.
Under favorable conditions, the root system develops in the first two weeks of the bulb planted in the ground. And then leaf growth begins. It is important that the plant, having grown the root mass, does not have time to grow above the ground before the cold weather. Therefore, when choosing the optimal period for autumn planting of a tulip bulb, it is better to observe the following principles:
- it is better to conduct it 3 weeks before the predicted snowfall;
- in central Russia and the Moscow Region, do it no later than mid-October;
- in colder regions - in the Urals, in Siberia - already at the end of September.
Rules for planting tulips in autumn
Autumn planting of tulips requires compliance with the following rules:
- the place for it should be well-lit and protected from gusts of wind;
- the bulb must be treated with a solution of manganese or celandine to avoid damage by rot;
- the soil should be loose and fertile (at least to a depth of 35 cm);
- fertilize the soil with compost, wood ash, phosphates;
bulb planting depth - 15 cm, i.e. here the so-called rule of “three bulbs” is observed, which consists in the fact that it is three times the size of the bulb itself, the row-spacing should be 20 cm;
- between medium-sized creepers, a distance of at least 10 cm must be observed, and small specimens can be planted more often;
- large bulbs are located in the center of the garden, and small ones are located on the sides so that tall flowers do not block low ones;
- planting flowers by varieties makes it easier to care for them;
- it is necessary to provide for the protection of planting material from mice, which in winter can destroy all plantings of flowers;
- it should be remembered that during the entire period of rooting of the bulbs, the temperature of the soil adjacent to them should not be lower than 8 degrees;
- the soil after planting needs to be leveled so that the water does not linger in it.
Planting tulips in October (video)
We also recommend that you read the article in which we talk about the autumn planting of tulips.
Features winter care
Timely and properly planted tulips do not need special care. If the planting was too early (not at the end of October), or the autumn unexpectedly pleased with warmth, and the bulbs planted at the usual time for them had time to germinate, these shoots need shelter. Hay, fallen leaves, peat and other natural materials are suitable for this. A five-centimeter layer of such a mulch shelter will also protect the soil from cracking.
Combination with other plants in garden design
To fully discover the beauty of tulips, you need to know which varieties of these tulips are best combined with which neighbors.
- Early grades it is better to plant on vegetable or strawberry beds, which begin to be actively used only at the end of April.
- Coarse, Darwin Hybrids and other late varieties that begin to bloom in May, if they are intended for cutting, it is better to plant on separate flower beds, for other purposes - in discounts or in flower beds in the background.
- Lilac, fringed, green, parrot and other exotic types of tulips are best planted in prominent places, for example, along paths, in large groups on lawns, where it is most convenient to admire them.
- Undersized - forest, wild hybrids and other types of tulips similar to them, which bloom already at the end of March, are best grown in portable containers, planted in flower beds next to perennials or rock gardens, where they do not need transplanting up to five years. Very picturesque - in separate bright spots - they look among greenery of lawns or in combination with coniferous species.
Tulip bulbs are vulnerable to various pests. The most dangerous among them are mice. They are fought with such methods:
- next to tulips, they plant daffodils, which contain an alkaloid that repels rodents, and a black root plant, whose seeds cling to the hair of pests;
- treat the bulbs with Vishnevsky ointment, red pepper;
- scattered poison baits;
- agrotechnical method - landing in late October, when the term for the migration of mice ends.
Tulips have other enemies. Here's how to deal with them:
- You can prevent infection with an onion tick by placing the onions for several minutes in hot water. Growing specimens are sprayed with a two percent solution of celtan or horn.
- In plants infected with a purple scoop, the lower leaves are sprinkled with mothballs.
- They fight with bears, snails and slugs using traps (rags, plywood, slate), scattering them between plantings of flowers. Pests crawling under these traps are collected and destroyed. Bears are also caught in water bottles dug in their way. At the same time, the containers are not filled to the brim so that pests can not get out of the traps.
Three interesting ways to plant tulips (video)
Their beauty, "riot" and flowering dates in spring depend on a good choice of the timing of planting tulips in the fall and compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology. Caring for these amazing flowers during the growing season, you can get high-quality bulbs for subsequent autumn planting.