There are many lovers of these fragrant, beautifully flowering plants. But separately there is no such species as indoor cloves: caring for this flower at home is not much different from caring for it in open ground.
Varieties and types of cloves grown in pots
This plant came to Europe from the East in time immemorial. Today, there are over 400 species and varieties of this beautiful flower. Low-growing hybrid varieties that are most often grown as homemade cloves are bred.
Although, as a room clove, you can even use "sprawling" Turkish cloves. In the open ground, it independently propagates vegetatively by layering tilted to the ground, without the help of a grower.
However, this perennial fragrant flower can be grown in a pot on a home window as a room clove. This species attracts fans with its multicolor and brightness of simple or double flowers, collected in a kind of shield with a diameter of up to 12 cm. The great advantage of this type of carnation at home is its simplicity to the light regime.
Hybrid cloves are best suited for breeding in pots at home. The plant is a compact undersized bush with a height of only 15 - 20 cm with an abundance of flowers. It is this species that is most often bred as a room clove. Repairing varieties that throw away new buds for a long time are especially good. The disadvantage of hybrids is that it is an annual flower.
Chinese carnation "Diana Mix" is also great for home. These are undersized bushes up to 20 cm tall. The mixture of seeds sold in flower centers "Diana Mix" includes 8 varieties that will please the inhabitants of the house with an abundance of flowers and a variety of their colors.
Garden varieties are Shabo and the Grenadines. They are better not to grow at home. The bushes of this plant have a height of up to 70 cm. These crops are demanding of light and soil. In addition, their cultivation from seeds at home requires a fairly long time - about 5 months. Grenadine is a biennial that forms a basal rosette in the first year, and abundant flowering occurs only in the second year.
The so-called grassy plant is also not suitable for breeding at home. This species can more likely be called ground cover, and the transplant for death is similar. It is sown only in open ground.
Among the popular flowers is the Geddevig variety; only one photo of the flower conquers with its beauty. The shades of the plant are the most diverse: snow-white, pastel pink, lilac, pomegranate, rich purple ... Geddevig's carnation is beautiful in any color. Gardeners recommend paying attention to Chinese carnations with dark purple color and white edges, her photos are especially beautiful.
The Breath of Love is another popular type of flower. With delicate petals, unique in their beauty, they can be a great decoration for a festive table.
Blue Carnation Imago is popular for its rich color. Sky blue color goes well with a cloudless spring sky. The blue flower goes well with Alvuda variety, which pleases with all shades of pink. But lovers of a variety of colors will like the Grenadine variety, which will surprise you with many juicy shades. Photos of these colors resemble a palette of colors of a creative artist. Fans of lush flowering will love the Moulin Rouge.
In the photo you can see the whole variety of carnations suitable for growing in the house.
How to plant homemade cloves (video)
Features of growing and caring at home
Growing cloves from seeds is the simplest and most common way to breed this plant. At home, seedlings are usually not needed: seeds are sown directly in the pot, where a bush will subsequently grow. You need to sow small black grains in February - March to get the first flowers in early summer.
For sowing seeds, a substrate is prepared consisting of 2 parts of turf land, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand and 1 part of leafy land. So that the future plant does not become infected with pathogenic fungi, the soil mixture should be disinfected. To do this, you can use a sufficiently strong and hot solution of potassium permanganate. The substrate must be shed to them in advance. At the bottom of containers for plants, it is necessary to put drainage, since cloves do not like moisture stagnation.
If the seeds are sown in a pot, then just put 2 - 3 grains there. If you plan to grow plants in a container, then the distance between the grains should be about 20 cm.
Seeds are planted in the soil to a depth of only 0.2 - 0.3 cm. Then they are carefully shed, but always through a spray nozzle, so as not to erode or deepen the grains. DFor seed germination, put the pot or container in a bright, warm (~ 24 ° C) place. You can cover the container with polyethylene.
Seeds germinate after 1.5-2 weeks. For seedlings home care is exactly the same as for seedlings for planting in open ground. Seedlings need to be watered not too abundantly, each time after watering, pouring soil to the base of the sprout.
So that your clove is not pulled up too far, caring for it should be to ensure good lighting. When the days are still short, you may need artificial lighting. This is best achieved with a fluorescent lamp.
Pinching the tops will help to make future bushes lush. This can be done when 5 pairs of leaves appear. This procedure does not harm the young sprouts. On the contrary, as a result of pinching the tops, side shoots will begin to develop.
So that the plant gives an abundant color, it can be fed with complex fertilizers (dilute as indicated on the package). Feeding is enough to carry out 1 time in 10 days under the root.
Clove: varieties and description (video)
Carnation is a photophilous flower (except for Turkish), but at the same time it does not like direct burning sun rays. Therefore, care must be taken so that there is no excess or lack of light. Otherwise, the plant will not please you with plentiful and long flowering.