Lilies are one of the oldest cultivated plants. In recent years, their modification, known as Curly Lily or Martagon (Liliummartagon), has been in fashion. Many people also know her as saranka, sarana, royal curls, Turkish lily. This beautiful natural plant was the basis of the hybridization of numerous cultivars. The name "martagon" in translation means "producing Mars." According to ancient Roman legend, the god of war appeared precisely from this lily, which Juno had touched before.
Curly Lily - a perennial bulbous plantgrowing from a meter to two in height. Its ovoid, scaly, cone-like, onion in light varieties is golden yellow in color, and in pink it also has purple tips.
A tall green stalk is covered with short hairs. Dark green multilayer leaves - long and oblong in the upper part, closer to the bottom - are collected in whorls.
Mottled flowers have a variety of colors: white, yellow, pink, lilac and even black. They are pollinated by nocturnal insects - hawks, which attracts their strong aroma, less often - day butterflies lured by these bright flowers.
Marchagon blooms in June-July, in August, seeds collected in boxes already ripen. The drooping flowers of a curly lily have a characteristic chalmoid shape. The peduncle can have up to 50 of these flowers.
This plant is famous for its hardiness and frost resistance. In Siberia, it grows powerfully, differing in the height of the stem and the spreading of inflorescences. The stem and flower are covered with hairs.
Under natural conditions, this species of lily lives everywhere: in Europe, in Siberia, in the north of Mongolia and Asia Minor, in the Caucasus. He loves rare coniferous and deciduous forests, rocky hills, alpine meadows, often reaches almost the mountain peaks. But this lily is found in the form of small groups or solitary specimens, preferring rich and moist soils. It multiplies slowly, for which there is no honor in some gardeners.
How to plant lilies (video)
In nature, maragons most often grow on forest edges, so it is preferable for garden lilies to choose areas with a moving shadow or with bright sunlight in the morning and evening. But on well-moistened soils, they grow even with constant sun.
The soil should be nutritious and with good drainage. To do this, before planting flowers add leaf compost, rotted manure, ash and combined mineral fertilizing. The best time for planting bulbs is the end of summer or the beginning of autumn. Mandatory landing conditions are:
- The depth of the bulb in the ground should be at least 25 cm. But the hole under it digs twice as deep and wider.
- Mulching with leaves, humus or compost, which is a protection against frost, drying out and additional feeding of plants.
- The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic.
These plants develop in the open field very slowly. In the first year, only a 10-20-centimeter shoot with one rosette of leaves can appear. But it happens that shoots appear only in the second or third year. And before that, the plant develops roots intensely. Flowering has to wait 5-7 years.
To accelerate this process, growing bulbs at home is used:
- crushed charcoal, crushed sphagnum and peat in equal proportions are poured into a PE bag or glass jars;
- their edges should be moist so that the seeds placed in the soil adhere well to the walls;
- from above they need to be covered with a lid and constantly sprayed;
- after 2-3 months, onions form from the seeds, then these containers are removed to the refrigerator;
- after a couple of months, small leaves appear on them;
- it signals that it is time to put them in open ground, do it in containers to protect young plantings from weeds;
- if the time is not right for this, then such plants are transplanted directly into the cups into large containers, where they continue to grow with light.
Top dressing for these plants, preferring rich soils, is extremely important. It is done in several stages:
- In early spring, complex mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen are introduced.
- During budding, plants need phosphorus fertilizers.
- After flowering, they need potash and phosphorus fertilizers.
- Before wintering, plants are fed with compost or rotted manure.
2-3 top dressings with a mixture of a teaspoon of Kemira Suite, Epina ampoules, diluted in 5 liters of water are good.
Watering lilies should be regular, and the soil needs to be moistened to a depth of at least 25 cm so that the bulb does not dry out. After flowering, the flower stalk is pruned, and multi-tiered leaves adorn the garden until late autumn. At this time, the bulb is tied and strengthened in the plant.
The yellowed leaves are removed, and this area is sprinkled with compost or leaves. It is important that during winter thaws water does not stagnate here.
Martagon in garden design
Considering that these lilies are tall, it is best to use them for the background of flower beds or in tapeworm planting that adorn the facade of a house, ponds, gazebos, etc.
Due to their bright color, they stand out on the lawns among the green grass. Red and orange hybrids are best suited for this. Against the background of conifers or shrubs, white lilies look elegant. Small cypresses, arborvitae, junipers create a moving shadow, and their fallen foliage serves as a good protective litter for the bulbs of lilies.
For pink lilies good neighbors can be peonies, astilbe, ferns, fungi, which have bright spreading foliage. Yellow lilies are organically combined with primroses, daffodils, tulips and bright bushes: euonymus, barberry, rhododendrons.
Roses and lilies look great together. They bloom in such a neighborhood better and more magnificent.
Tips from experienced gardeners
Although maragons are unpretentious plants, their cultivation is impossible without observing certain conditions:
- lilies do not like transplants, because their roots grow slowly and are often damaged during transplants;
- if the bulbs are planted shallowly, then the plants are stunted with small flowers;
- young bulbs usually self-submerge, so the soil should be loosened to a depth of about half a meter, and the distance between the plants should be the same.
Lily Martagon - a magnificent, bright flower plant. Although it takes several years from the time of planting to flowering, this perennial can grow up to 20 years without transplanting.
How to care for lilies (video)
It goes well with many garden plants and flowers, decorates the house and other buildings with tall colorful flowers. This lily diversifies the design of the garden of any style.