The cultivation of basil in the country will require increased attention from the owner of the plot, if, of course, he is interested in a rich and stable harvest, and not sluggish greens, which can grow without special care.
Indeed, every culture in the country requires attention, and especially a basilica, which, although it easily copes with many pests and diseases, is very demanding on soil and heat. How to grow this green without crazy losses of time and effort, and get a decent harvest that will please our table with spicy seasoning by the end of the season?
Agricultural technology for growing basil requires fertile and well-groomed soil, which means that we will have to work hard to create the best option for growing crops.
The plant is best planted in well-heated areas that are protected from wind and drafts. It prefers light sandy sandstones, well seasoned with organic matter. Legumes, potatoes, tomatoes and cucumbers are considered to be the best predecessors of the plant on the bed, since under them there is a stable introduction of organic fertilizers.
Soil preparation begins in the autumn, when the bed is well dug up and fertilized. The depth of the excavation is about 20-25 cm, about a bayonet for a shovel, fertilizers for the soil (per 1m2) - 3-5 kg of humus or compost, 22-25 g of superphosphate and about 15 g of potassium salt.
If cultivation is planned on heavy soils, clay and loams, then from the autumn it is necessary to form regular ridges, which in the spring should be well cut by a hoe (depth up to 15 cm).
Outdoor seedlings growing
Growing basil seedlings is a fairly popular way to quickly and efficiently raise a crop and get a crop. Sowing seedlings takes place at the end of March or at the very beginning of April, sowing depth up to 1 cm. For seedlings to sprout quickly, within about 10 days, temperature control is required, which must be kept at + 25 + 27 ° С for the whole given period. Next, there is a dive into small pots.
Pots with young seedlings are aged in a greenhouse, where they fertilize and harden. It will require the introduction in the phase of the first sheet of mineral fertilizers (unless, of course, the seedlings develop poorly). It’s easy to prepare them - dilute 3 g of potash, 2 g of nitrogen and 5 g of phosphate fertilizers per liter of clean water and irrigate. Already before planting in open ground, in about a week, it is necessary to harden the plants - to limit watering, arrange ventilation in the greenhouse with lowering the temperature.
Around the beginning of June, when the danger of night frosts was completely over, basil was planted in open ground. Arrangement in rows in a row, 30 cm apart, and a distance between plants of 25 cm. Planting takes place in small holes, 7-8 cm deep, where about a liter of water is poured before placing a young plant. A basil with pots is planted, but only so that the central kidney and young leaves remain on the surface.
While the plant is taking root, it is watered constantly, after this period - watering only as needed.
The basil should be broken through for planting density, tearing off the upper shoots, remove flowering from young plants, timely weed weeds in the garden, water and loosen the soil.
Also, you should prevent thickening of the planting and increased soil moisture, otherwise, basil will suffer from gray mold.
When the basil greens reaches 10-12 cm, it can be gradually removed. The leaves are bundled and dried, then finely ground and used as a seasoning for a variety of dishes.
Growing Basil at Home
The essence of the process is to grow a culture from seeds in a pot or transplant an adult basil with cuttings. As in the garden, you will need a fertile kidney and warm, calm conditions.
Basil is planted in several plants in one pot, containers are placed in sunny, well-warmed places, watering occurs as the soil dries, about once every 5-6 days. Also, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers will be necessary, according to the scheme described earlier. Top dressing is carried out approximately once a month.
Growing basil from seeds at home is a little slower than in a greenhouse and open ground, but you can always achieve an excellent result, providing the culture with the necessary conditions.
Varieties of basil
Now that you have understood the cultivation of basil at home or in the garden, you can choose the most suitable variety.
A plant with deep bluish leaves and a persistent aroma of tea and allspice.
A culture with light green leaves, the aroma of which resembles a mixture of the smell of cloves and bay leaves.
A plant with violet-brown leaves, which, after harvesting, can give any dish the flavor of cloves and mint.
Basil grown in the country (video)
In addition, it is always possible to grow purple or lemon basil, which perfectly take root in pots on the windowsill or in the open ground, if you initially grow greens through seedlings in the greenhouse. We recommend reading the article on anise.