Landscape compositions are quite diverse. Each of them has its own character and personality. Our article will help you create a unique rockery on your site, which will become a real gem of your garden.
The characteristic features of the stone garden
Due to the presence of stones that are used to form the rockery, a similar object of personal decor is often confused with an alpine slide.
But here there are a number of differences that you should know:
- The main difference between a rockery and an alpine hill is the absence of a layer, but the formation of stone peaks is not excluded.
- In addition, flat stone decorations are often placed in the shade of the garden, while residents of the rock garden need intense lighting.
- When forming a multi-level stone composition, fairly large stones are used, while for a flat stone object of a landscape plot, not only large boulders are used, but also a gravel bed, which is a kind of mosaic background, favorably shading the beauty of the inhabitants of the rockery.
- When creating a flat stone-plant object, the emphasis is not only on wildlife, but also on the attractiveness of cold stone, which, as it were, "competes" with plants, "proving" its uniqueness. After all, seeing such a composition for the first time, each person reacts differently: someone will be fascinated by a scattering of small stones, the magnetism of which is slightly diluted with sparse vegetation, and someone will consider that gravel is needed in rockeries only to emphasize the individuality of plants.
- In most cases, miniature representatives of coniferous vegetation can be found in rockeries, while they are most often not used on alpine hills.
Types of rockeries
Depending on the plants that are used to form the composition, There are three main types of such garden decor:
It uses plants whose natural habitat is the middle strip.
It features the most classic, restrained look. The emphasis in such a garden is made more on greens. Here there are decorative varieties of wormwood, various types of conifers, as well as a variety of cereals.
The classic version. Similar stone plots are characterized by a significant predominance of natural stone of various shapes and sizes. Plants in this case are used in very limited quantities.
Japanese rockeries have a unique magnetism of peace and tranquility, which comes from an created oriental motif with an invisible haze.
In addition to the classical stationary, there is the so-called “Mobile rockery”. Most often, the composition is formed in a log, in which the inner part of the wood is removed in advance so that a peculiar capacity is obtained.
Creating a rockery: stone dumping (video)
What to consider
To create a decorative composition, you must adhere to the fundamental rules:
- When creating a rockery, initially low-growing as well as dwarf plant species are used.
- It is best to choose unpretentious representatives of the fauna. This will avoid the formation of "defective" islands, spoiling the harmony of the design idea.
- The described element of landscape architecture should not be visually limited by borders, thereby creating a clearly defined zone. It must be understood that rockery is an imitation of a fragment of the natural landscape, so the "obsessive" elements of optical visualization will be inappropriate here.
- When deciding on a place to create a plant-stone tandem, you should opt for the most visible part of the infield. If there is a spatial possibility, then the best place to create a harmonious rockery is the beginning of the garden.
- Stone decoration can act both as an independent element of landscape architecture, and can be a harmonious addition to another object (for example, an artificially created reservoir or decorative fountain).
Selection of stones and installation of large stone objects
Stones in rockeries are given special attention. Large ones form the basis of a decorative object, while small ones are used to create a kind of background. When choosing the main boulders, preference should be given to specimens that have aesthetic appeal.
Also, experts recommend:
- Two or three large boulders should be chosen, which will form the basis of the landscape plot.
- To emphasize and enhance the aesthetic effect it is necessary to use stones of two or three colors. In this case, it is advisable not to use a gray palette of granite, which will be lost against a background of lush greenery.
- Stone objects taken from different sources of the natural environment look very impressive. For example, a structured orange or brown slate will look great in tandem with a smooth black boulder taken from the sea coast. Today, there are still skeptics who are convinced that a flat stone garden should be formed from stones belonging to the same breed.
In fact, such a composition is a product of your imagination only, so it is up to you to make the choice.
- Before installing the largest stone elements (the weight of the stone can be so significant that it will require special equipment to install it and move around the garden), it is necessary to concrete the site at the place of their installation or at least add a layer of crushed stone of medium fraction. Otherwise, over time, the boulder will sink into the soil.
Plants for rocariya
To form such compositions, do not use excessively pretentious and lushly flowering plants.
In addition, preference should be given to the most unpretentious undersized natural specimens.
So, the plants that are best suited to form a flat stone garden are divided into four main groups:
- Conifers (dwarf species). Among the variety of coniferous representatives of the flora, dachadecor.ru recommends using undersized varieties of juniper, spruce, pine, cypress, thuja spherical and other no less interesting miniature species of this group for the formation of a harmonious rockery.
- Undersized shrubs. Among the great variety of plants of this group, compact varieties of shrubby cinquefoil, some species of Japanese spirea, and honeysuckle honeysuckle, sunshine, horizontal cotoneaster can be cited as an example.
- Grassy perennials. Herbaceous perennials (gravel, decorative onions, heichera, incense, primrose, geranium, hosts) allow us to diversify the composition and add some color to it. These plants go well with bulbous plants (daffodils, crocuses, tulips, sprouts), which can also become participants in a landscape of stone-and-stone fantasy.
- Groundcover. It is not necessary to use soil protectors that grow rapidly. In the best way, such plants of this group as sedums, saxifrages, arabisas, juveniles, cat's paws, awl-shaped phloxes, shaving will fit into the overall picture of the created design idea object. A note of naturalness will add moss.
Rules for the formation of a plant-stone composition of a rockery
Undoubtedly, each person has his own idea of a perfectly formed decorative element of a large landscape idea. But in order for the final result to have an attractive appearance and correspond to the declared name, one should adhere to the fundamental principles of composition.
Choosing the best place
Almost any corner of the garden can be the place to create the decorative composition described in this article.
- Of course, it is desirable that it be clearly visible, inevitably becoming the subject of admiration for everyone who entered the garden.
- If the land plot is quite extensive, then the rockery should be placed in close proximity to the recreation area.
- Since unpretentious garden residents are used to create a stone-and-floral decor, rockeries are often used to camouflage a “defective” area. So, for example, the area of accumulation of construction waste will serve as an ideal place. Having done some preparatory work, you can combine (as most gardeners like it) useful with pleasant.
- Most often, in the territory where the rockery is supposed to be located, there is a certain vegetation. So that weeds do not violate the harmony of the stone garden, you should remove the top layer of the soil, thereby conducting a related sanitation of the site.
- Then, large stone objects should be placed on the allocated site, which, to give the composition a natural look, must be buried into the ground by one third.
- On the liberated area with large stones installed, mulching material is lined on which plant objects will subsequently be placed, and a layer of pebble of the required fraction is laid.
Placing and planting plants
Planting plants when creating any type of rocariya has a clear sequence, compliance with which, of course, is not necessary. But in the absence of proper experience, it is still recommended to listen to the advice of a landscape designer.
- First of all, low-growing conifers should be planted. In this case, in a mulching film, it is necessary to cut out a circle of a diameter sufficient for landing. It is not recommended to make an incision with a cross, since such a technique can lead to spontaneous tearing of the litter along the path set by the knife.
- Then dwarf deciduous shrubs are plantedthat make up coniferous plants. When creating European rockery, you can use barberries, spermatozoa, cinquefoil. Add undersized rhododendrons. Chinese lilac looks great, the height of which, unlike its classic counterpart, does not exceed 1 m.
- And to complement the plant ensemble will allow perennial flowers. In this case, you should choose species that correspond to the location of the stone garden. And since rockery is most often formed on shaded areas of personal territory, it is recommended to plant shade-tolerant perennials here.
- To balance the composition will allow a variety of ground cover plants, which are often used in the formation of rock gardens.
At the end of planting, a small layer of soil is poured onto the mulching material, which is necessary for plants with an undeveloped root system, characteristic of representatives of mountainous areas, including soil protectors.
How to make do-it-yourself rockery (video)
After all the inhabitants of the stone garden have taken their rightful place, you can begin to decorate the composition with small stones.
- First, a layer of gravel of the middle fraction is laid. It will serve as the basis for the formation of a decorative stone layer. In addition, such a “pillow” will add naturalness to the created composition, reliably hiding the traces of human interference in the formation of the landscape.
- A decorative stone background is lined on top of the first layer. There are many ways to place small gravel: you can simply scatter it over the entire area of the formed area, or you can, using gravel of several colors, form various patterns. If stones brought from the sea coast are used, then most often they are laid out piece by piece, forming a kind of smooth surface through which interspersed ground cover vegetation will make their way.
- A prerequisite for a well-equipped rockery is to fill the entire territory of the composition, which remains between large stones and planted plants, stone scattering of gravel or pebbles. And it should be remembered that the smaller the plant, the smaller stones should surround it.
Adhering to the fundamental rules used to create the stone garden described here, adding your imagination and a touch of personality, you can create a unique landscape masterpiece that will delight the eye and warm your soul from season to season, without losing its charming appeal.