Horse chestnut (Aesculus) - Sapinda family (Sarindaseae). Also, the plant is called the stomach or esculus. Many varieties everywhere massively grow in parks and squares.
Botanical description and range of horse chestnut
A tall deciduous tree or shrub plant, whose height in meters reaches 20-25 m. Even the wild species looks very attractive and has large, complex, palmate opposite leaves on elongated petioles, without stipules. Foliage forms a fairly dense and spectacular crown. Buds and buds often have a whitish or pink color.
The shape of the flowers is bell-shaped. Flowers are collected in large, pyramidal in shape, very upright racemose inflorescences. The plant blooms in bulk from May to June. Several forms are grown, some of which have a double flower. After flowering, fruits are formed, represented by a tricuspid prickly box with an opening cusp.
Under natural conditions, the plant is found in southern Europe, in northern India and East Asia, as well as in North America. In our country, horse chestnut planting is growing very well, and about thirteen species have been cultivated. Any species are very good melliferous plants, which are highly decorative throughout the growing season.
Origin of name
Horse or horse chestnut has been known since ancient times. A large number of explanations of the name of this plant are currently known. Most often, it is attributed to the petioles of fallen leaves. A falling leaf leaves a scar on the branches, which in their appearance resemble a horseshoe horseshoe. In the second case, it is commonly believed that after overriding, they acquire a very characteristic color of the bay horse. According to the third opinion, the name is associated with dark brown fruits with a bright spot, reminiscent of a trace from a horse's hoof.
Many domestic experts also believe that the name was obtained by the plant solely in order to be able to distinguish inedible fruits from the crop of edible plants.
Useful and healing properties of horse chestnut
The horse chestnut is very useful in so many diseases. For therapeutic purposes, folks, flowers, bark from the branches, seed material, as well as the peel of the seeds are prepared by folk healers and the pharmaceutical industry. It is best to collect tree and branch bark in May-June, flowers - at the flowering stage, fruits and berries - in August-September. Foliage can be harvested throughout the season.
Medicinal properties of chestnut (video)
Horse chestnut fruits (seeds)
Fruits are a real storehouse of useful components and trace elements. They contain a small amount of fat and a large amount of carbohydrates and proteins. The fruits also contain about 60% starch, fiber, about 15% sugar, B vitamins and minerals represented by iron, sodium, potassium, copper and phosphorus.
Horse chestnut leaves
Like any healing herb, foliage has a number of medicinal properties, which allows the use of drugs based on it in the treatment of various vascular diseases, including varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, increased fragility of capillaries and various inflammatory processes of the veins.
Decoctions based on bark are widely used in the presence of a history of chronic colitis and enterocolitis, as well as diarrhea and gastritis that are difficult to treat with increased acidity of gastric juice. TAlso such a tool allows you to get rid of spleen diseasesIt treats bronchitis and various bleeding.
Flowers are used to prepare decoctions, infusions or alcohol tinctures, which are excellent for treating heart diseases, liver problems, pulmonary tuberculosis, shortness of breath, anemia, and rheumatism. Alcohol tincture is great for the treatment of arthrosis and getting rid of gouty pain.
Industrial use of horse chestnut
Long-life and high-quality horse chestnut wood is very similar in its basic characteristics to linden wood. The wood of this plant does not have wide commercial use at the moment, but it is often used in the manufacture of door leafs or various furniture elements of furniture.
Among other things, on an industrial scale, culture is used in modern cosmetology, due to the presence in the composition of a large number of tannins. In the cosmetic industry, vegetable raw materials are used to prepare products with tonic, microcirculation enhancing, and vascular wall strengthening properties. Such drugs can fight cellulite and the natural aging of the skin.
Pharmacy products can take the form of an extract, tincture or cream, and tablets and drops of Eskuzan are also available, which help reduce capillary permeability and increase venous tone.
Such drugs have a very high, proven effectiveness in the fight against blood clots and reduce inflammation. The manufacturer's instruction recommends using drops three times a day for fifteen or twenty drops. A very popular tablet form is available under the name Esflazide and is an effective analogue of drops "Aescusan".
How to make chestnut tincture (video)
Horse Chestnut Recipes
It is not difficult to make products on the basis of plant materials on your own - it is enough to strictly observe the established proportions, as well as use a quality, correctly assembled and prepared base.
With different etiologies of venous problems, you need to pour about 50 g of flowers into a clean glass container, and then pour half a liter of vodka. The tincture is infused for a couple of weeks, but the liquid needs to be shaken periodically. After two weeks, the resulting tincture is carefully filtered. It is required to take such a medicine daily, thirty drops before meals. The standard course of treatment is four weeks, after which it is necessary to take a mandatory break.
Decoctions and infusions
These types of drugs are most in demand for external use. Suitable for preparation are foliage, flowers, as well as chopped fruits. Half the usual enamelled bucket is filled with plant mass, after which boiling water is poured into the tank. Under the cover, such a healing solution should be infused for about twelve hours, after which filtering is carried out. Infusion and broth are perfect not only for lotions and irrigation, but also widely used as a highly effective fitovanny.
For self-preparation of a healing ointment, you need to grind five pieces of chestnuts or five tablespoons of flowers, then pour them with half a liter of any vegetable oil and boil for about an hour in a water bath. The resulting composition cools at room temperature and is filtered. This tool lubricates the face and sore spots. Chestnut ointment is an excellent tool for rejuvenating and whitening the skin.
At home, healing oils based on plant components are often made using cream, low-fat bio-yogurt or olive oil. All components of medicinal oil are mixed in arbitrary proportions. You can store the resulting mixture for several weeks in an ordinary household refrigerator.
The use of horse chestnut during pregnancy and for the treatment of children
It should be remembered that at the moment, scientific evidence about the negative effects of the active components of horse chestnut on the body of a pregnant woman and the fetus is completely absent. However, experts recommend abandoning the use of such folk remedies and pharmacological preparations in the first trimester of pregnancy, as well as in the treatment of preschool children.
Contraindications and harm chestnut
One of the main properties of a medicinal plant is the ability to quickly and very efficiently thin the blood, and also increase weight due to its high starch and sugar content, therefore The main contraindications are:
- tendency to corpulence;
- any abnormalities in blood coagulation;
- violations of the functions of the gastric and intestinal tract;
- hidden bleeding;
How to make a tincture of chestnut flowers (video)
During breastfeeding, any preparations containing such active substances can be used only as directed by a doctor.
Folk medicine has gained very rich experience in the use of horse chestnut, but also official medicine is very actively using all the useful qualities of this medicinal plant. Low toxicity and proven pharmacological effectiveness made the plant very popular in the treatment of many ailments.