Lovage (Levisticum) - a herbaceous perennial, a monotypic genus belonging to the Umbrella family. The family is easily recognizable by the formation of characteristic simple or complex umbrella inflorescences, collected by small flowers.
Botanical description of a lovage and its other name
Perennial culture has a thick root and stem part, up to two meters high. The surface of the stem is bluish, and the upper part is branched. The foliage is shiny, cirrus, represented by large obovate or rhombic leaves with slightly incised lobes.
The flower is small, yellowish staining. Inflorescences are represented by a complex umbrella with the presence of numerous wrappers and are formed in the period from June to August. After flowering, oval-elliptical fruits form. A distinctive feature of the plant is the presence of a very specific smell, slightly reminiscent of the smell of celery, as well as a salty-bitter taste.
Collection rules and plant storage features
Lovage pharmacy needs to be collected correctly. In the first year, the culture is used only as a seasoning, and the leaves can be cut throughout the entire growing season. Rhizome digs at least in the second year, but pronounced healing properties are inherent only to the roots of the plant at the age of three or four years. You can dig out the roots both in the early spring and in the fall.
After trimming the aerial parts, the root system is freed from the soil and dried. Too large roots need to be cut into two parts. To speed up drying, heat treatment can be used. To this end, chopped roots are dried in special dryers at a temperature of 35 ° C. According to healers, the collection of roots can not be carried out before the flowering plant. The dried roots need to be grinded in a coffee grinder, sieved and filled in a glass jar.
Leaves are collected in the flowering stage of the medicinal plant. Drying is carried out under a canopy or at a temperature of 35ºС. Ready-made medicinal plant materials should be stored in glass, hermetically sealed containers. Fruit picking should be done in late autumn, at the stage of full ripening. The collected raw materials are also dried and threshed, after which the seeds are stored under standard conditions.
Features of growing a lovage (video)
Applying lovage as seasoning
Dried lovage is used as a tasty and healthy seasoning. The root system of this garden crop has an islandy and slightly sweetish or bitter aftertaste. A mixture of horses and leaves is added to marinades, as well as some drinks and pastries. Roots - an aromatic additive for most canned mushrooms and vegetablesas well as green oil.
Lovage young leaves are used in salads, sauces and gravy, as well as in soups, dishes based on poultry and fish. Spiced mixtures have proven themselves very well.represented by a lovage with parsley, chives, black pepper, thyme and rosemary. Very harmoniously complements the culture of stewed vegetables, rice and other cereals, as well as strong meat broths. The dried roots have a slight spicy lemon aroma and an islandy, slightly bitter taste.
Medicinal properties of the root, grass and fruits
A very valuable perennial spicy aromatic and medicinal plant lovage has a large number of healing properties. For therapeutic purposes, the root system, foliage and seeds are used:
- an increased amount of potassium salts, vitamin "C", as well as carotene and essential oils, which give the plant raw material a specific taste and aroma;
- the root has a tonic effect on the stomach and intestines, improves appetite, reduces the risk of flatulence;
- roots stimulate bile secretion and urination, as well as sputum separation;
- the root system is able to lower the level of nervous excitability;
- lovage can be used in the treatment of cardiac pathologies, bronchitis, as well as a diaphoretic and mouth rinse;
- in pediatrics, a decoction based on young leaves and stems is used as an effective anthelmintic;
- A root-based decoction is used to strengthen hair follicles and well prevents premature loss.
Plant materials are widely used in some combined herbal pharmacy products, including Kanefron H.
Preparation and features of the use of decoctions and tinctures from Leushtyan
Properly prepared decoctions and tinctures are practically not inferior to the drugs in the pharmacy in their quality characteristics and medicinal properties. A decoction based on Leushtyan roots is prepared as follows: 30 g of crushed dry roots pour 1.2 liters of boiling water and boil for half an hour in an enameled bowl covered with a lid. Insisting is made until complete coolingand then filtering is performed. Take such a decoction you need a tablespoon three times a day before meals.
To prepare the infusion based on the roots, you need to fill in a tablespoon of the crushed roots with a liter of boiling water and insist for an hour. Infusion needs to be carefully filtered, after which you can use half a glass four a day before meals. However, alcohol or vodka tincture on the roots is more effective. For the purpose of cooking, you need to pour one part of the raw crushed roots into three parts of alcohol and insist for three weeks. Such a tool has a strong diuretic and tonic properties. You need to take tincture diluted in water.
In folk medicine, lovage is well known in the treatment of alcoholism. Vegetable raw materials are used in combination with bay leaves in a ratio of 1: 2. The chopped root and chopped bay leaf should be folded into the container. The contents must be filled with vodka and insisted in a dark and cool place for a couple of weeks.
It should be noted, that the collected raw root can be stored for a long enough time in the refrigerator, which allows the plant to be used to prepare infusions and decoctions as necessary. You can also chew defrosted medicinal plant material in order to eliminate bad breath.
As the main contraindications to the use of such a drug, you can consider the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as in the presence of a history of hemorrhoids or exacerbations of pyelonephritis. With great care, you need to use a medicinal plant in the presence of severe pathologies. In any case, before use, it is imperative to get the advice of the attending physician.
Medicinal properties of a lovage (video)
Lovage is an unusual and very original plant. Even if there is no need to use such vegetable raw materials in treatment and prevention, a small additive of greens, lovage, can change the taste of products and gives canned goods a very peculiar and pleasant mushroom aroma.