Fuchsia (Fúchsia) - a perennial ornamental plant belonging to the family Cypress (Onagraceae). A significant number of species or varieties are suitable for cultivation as an ornamental horticultural crop; therefore, a flowering plant is widely used in landscape design.
The genus of the plant includes several dozen species, and numerous wild-growing species naturally grow in mountain forests, in partial shade. A decorative fuchsia garden flower has opposing foliage, but some species are characterized by whorled or alternate leaves. Foliage in the form of lanceolate, ovoid, serrate, serrate or whole.
Flowers can have different colors and shapes. After flowering, juicy, berry-like fruits are formed. In appearance, the aerial part of the plant is bushy or creeping. Fuchsia can be grown in ampel, bush or standard form. Decorative flowering culture can be classified as unpretentious plants, so grow fuchsia in the garden on a flower garden in the open ground, even a beginner grower can.
Fuchsia Garden Varieties
The cultivation of fuchsia in flower gardens on the street or in a pot and flowerpot involves the correct selection of varieties, as well as compliance with planting technology and competent care at all stages of growth and development of decorative culture. When choosing a variety, it is recommended to pay attention not only to the characteristics and duration of flowering, but also indicators of resistance to adverse external factors.
The technology of planting fuchsia in the garden
Despite the fact that fuchsias are most often cultivated in the form of a houseplant, this beautifully flowering flower may well be grown in open ground. To obtain abundant flowering, you need to plant fuchsia correctly:
- ornamental plant is heat-loving, but can easily tolerate insignificant temperature drops;
- a moisture-loving culture does not tolerate excess water very well, so the soil on the site should be well-drained;
- the plant prefers a calm and well-lit place in the sun, represented by nutrient soil;
- planting time may vary depending on the soil and climatic conditions in the cultivation region.
How to prepare fuchsia for the winter (video)
Fuchsia should be planted on open flower gardens in May or June. Approximately a couple of weeks after planting, the decorative culture is well rooted and, if properly maintained, grows well enough.
Caring for garden fuchsia is not too difficult, but it is recommended to pay attention to compliance with the regime of irrigation measures and top dressing. Lush, lasting and maximally plentiful flowering will be promoted by frequent spraying and sufficiently plentiful watering, timely high-quality top dressing.
Proper irrigation measures are the most important part of growing fuchsia. The number and frequency of irrigation directly depends on a large number of factors, including varietal characteristics, the stage of growth and development, the location of the decorative culture, soil composition on the site and weather conditions. High temperature conditions cause intense evaporation, therefore foliage of fuchsia should be sprayed periodically.
However, excessive soil moisture in the flower garden can displace oxygen from the soil, and causes rotting of the root system, as well as subsequent death of the decorative culture. When the soil is dry, the plant can dump all the foliage. Withered leaves are a signal for watering. Nonetheless, there is absolutely no need to water the plant in late autumn or winter. After watering, shallow loosening of the soil around the plant and removal of weed vegetation is carried out.
When buds appear fuchsia on the bushes and during flowering, the decorative culture must be fed. For this purpose, it is recommended to water weekly with special liquid fertilizers designed to feed flowering plants.
Propagating garden fuchsia is quite simple, but in the conditions of home gardening, such an event is most often carried out by a vegetative method or the so-called cuttings. To cut the cuttings, you need to choose a little woody shoots, which are then rooted in water or in sand. After about a couple of weeks, the root system appears on the plant and the young seedling can be transplanted to a permanent place in the open-air flower garden. Shrub and ampelous varieties can be cut every three years, a hundred allows you to independently update the decorative garden culture.
How to care for fuchsia in the garden (video)
Seed propagation is used for breeding purposes., since when growing from seeds, the plant is able to lose parental varietal characteristics. However, if seed propagation is necessary, seed is sown in March or April using peat pellets for planting. This method allows you to transplant without injuring the root system of the culture.
If the decorative culture is grown in flower pots or flower pots, which are taken out only in the summer to decorate the home garden, then the best option for wintering the plant will be almost any fairly bright and relatively warm room with a temperature regime of 5-15 ° C. Experienced flower growers bring fuchsia in pots before the onset of significant cooling on glazed balconies or heated loggias.
In early September, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are completely excluded from feeding. Instead of top dressing, phosphate-potash fertilizers are given a couple of times a week to each irrigation event. Watering is also reduced. Even in the middle zone of our country, fuchsias most often freeze in the winterTherefore, it is recommended that in the autumn period dig up decorative garden plants from the ground and transplant into flower pots. Garden fuchsia must have time to take root well before being placed indoors for the winter.
It is important to remember that for a “dark” wintering of fuchsia, it is necessary to cut off all unripened and not lignified shoots with the preservation of the main branches and the mandatory removal of all remaining green mass. For a "light" wintering, pruning should be done more sparingly, so green shoots can be left.
Tips & Tricks
Florists with extensive experience growing garden fuchsia recommend paying attention to the following features of the cultivation of decorative flowering plants:
- different varieties of garden fuchsia need different lighting intensities, so the flower garden needs to be arranged depending on the needs of the plant;
- even very photophilous varieties quite often very difficult to tolerate direct sunlight and need shading;
- in flower beds located in very sunny areas, the need for irrigation measures is increased.
Propagation of fuchsia by cuttings (video)
Ampel and compact varieties are best grown in flower pots. Such varieties of garden fuchsia become lignified with age, therefore, when growing them, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the plant and replace old bushes with young plants grown through cuttings. Optimal neighboring plants for garden fuchsia, grown in containers outdoors, can be balsams, ivies and begonias.