Camellia (Camellia) is often considered one of the most moody plants, but has gained popularity among lovers of indoor decorative cultures, due to its sophisticated appearance and beauty of flowering. Of the well-known eighty species of camellia, mountain and Japanese camellias are especially in demand in room conditions.
Today camellias of various colors are cultivated: red, yellow, pink or Middlebury pink, white, variegated, so flower growers have a great opportunity to choose the most interesting variety. But the blue or blue color of the camellia flower under natural conditions is currently absent.
Mountain Camellia (C.sasanqua) It is a shrub plant, which reaches in height four meters in natural conditions and has pubescent reddish shoots. The foliage is oval, shiny, dark green. The flowers are pink, white and red, quite fragrant, with a diameter of up to 70 mm. Flowering is long, from November to January. The plant should be grown in fairly cool rooms.
Japanese camellia (C.japonica) - a shrub type plant, or relatively tall tree, up to ten meters high. The foliage is oval, relatively long, with a shiny surface, leathery, dark green color. Flowering occurs from December to April. The flower can be simple, semi-double and double, with a diameter of up to 50 mm. Varieties are known that form pink, white, red and colorful flowers. This species is suitable for cultivation in a cool room, and when grown in a greenhouse, fruit formation is observed. The bush form is grown in open ground.
Oil Camellia (C.oleifera), the description of which is far from known to many domestic flower growers, is most often cultivated in the mountains of China in order to obtain large oilseeds. Evergreen culture belongs to the category of tall ornamental plants, so its use in indoor floriculture is limited. The foliage is another simple, with a leathery surface. The leaves are ovoid. Flowers of white color, bisexual, singly located or combined in pairs. The peak of flowering occurs in September-October.
Tea bush, or Chinese camellia (C.sinénsis) Many experienced flower growers are known as camellia tea. The evergreen shrub plant has a leathery type, alternately located, oval or elongated oval leaves. The foliage of this species is characterized by a narrowing at the apex and the presence of a short petiole. The upper part of the leaves is dark green. The back side of the foliage is painted in light green tones. The flowers are fragrant. The flowering period lasts from the last summer decade to mid-autumn, after which the fruits are formed.
Varieties of Tyumen selection
In the Tyumen selection, interesting, from the point of view of decorative floriculture, very beautiful varieties are presented, which are also unpretentious in cultivation and absolutely undemanding in care.
The Ural, highly decorative, winter-hardy camellia "Empress" is especially popular among domestic amateur gardeners. Almost all varieties from this selection belong to the garden category, therefore, due to their botanical characteristics and characteristics, they are completely unsuitable for cultivation in indoor floriculture.
How to grow camellia at home (video)
Using Camellia to Create Bonsai
Really experienced amateur gardeners often make bonsai from room camellia. Given the appearance and size of the foliage of this decorative culture, it is recommended to adhere to a minimum height of the aerial part of 50 cm. If necessary, cutting and thinning of the branches should be performed, which will improve the visual perception of the branching structure. The formation technique is not too complicated and quite accessible even to inexperienced gardeners:
- camellia can react to pruning and wire formation quite unexpectedly, dropping all the flower buds, so it is recommended to use the vertical style option;
- the foliage of camellia is quite large, so the optimal height of the decorative tree should not be less than 40-45 cm;
- annual branches should be carefully fixed in position with a wire;
- it is impossible to carry out too tight a wire retainer to the cortex of a room cameo;
- older and heavier shoots are preferably fixed with special tensioning devices;
- new, young branches that have reached a length of 15 cm need to be shortened in accordance with the stage of development of the culture and the planned size of the formed tree, but most often the shortening is made on one or three leaves;
- formation is recommended to be carried out in the spring, and all places of cuts are necessarily treated with special disinfecting compounds.
It is important to note that small-leaved varieties and hybrid forms must be used to form a bonsai. Cornish Snow and Cornish Spring are best suited to these requirements.
The meaning of camellia
Favorite flower Coco Chanel camellia has long been an immortal symbol of the brand, a true embodiment of tenderness and rigor. Romantic beauty and nobleness of origin made camellia a source of a huge number of myths, legends and traditions associated with this decorative perennial plant.
How the camellia blooms (video)
In some countries, camellia is a symbol of beauty, as well as femininity and coldness, capable of breaking and tormenting men's hearts. The meaning of the flower in China is slightly different. Here, the plant symbolizes beauty and health, as well as fortitude, which is due to the ability of a highly decorative culture to bloom plentifully not only in autumn but also in winter cold. In their energy and characterization of symbolism, camellias are in some ways very similar to noble roses.
In indoor floriculture, such properties of camellia as the beneficial energy effect on the premises and the owner are well known. Japanese camellia makes it easy to cope with any troubles and is a living magnet that attracts luck and comfort to your home. Next to this ornamental plant, all people are sure to become a little better, more responsive and kinder. A flower of this species positively affects not only the emotional state of people, but also has a beneficial effect on health, strengthening immunity and lowering body temperature in case of fever.
Despite the fact that some types of camellia are grown exclusively for applied purposes, many varieties are able to impress even the most sophisticated gardeners with their beauty. The most famous decorative variety is Japanese pink (C.japonica). This shrub receives a large number of reviews and high marks not only from experienced but also from beginner growers.
However, much to the regret of fans of room camellia, a small number of species boasts fragrant flowers. On the basis of Japanese camellia, domestic and foreign breeders received a lot of different varieties. The most popular and sought-after categories include "Adolf Aduson" with semi-double flowers of red coloring, grade "Alba Simplex"forming white simple flowers and Betty Sheffield with terry white petals, on which there are pink touches.
Beginners can recommend a grade "Pink Perfection", forming a whole cloud of pale pink coloring of double flowers. Fancy flowers form a popular variety. Tammia. This culture is characterized by a star-shaped snow-white flowering with a pinkish border. In our country, the Williams hybrid form has become very popular, which is not only very simple to grow and completely unpretentious, but also compares favorably with the decline of wilted flowers, which greatly facilitates care and enhances the decorative qualities of the culture.
How does camellia breed (video)
For landscape design, as well as for the purpose of decorating arbors and building facades, garden climbing camellia is most often used. It is important to remember that in regions with harsh winters, undergrowth species and varieties should be planted on open flower gardens, which, with the onset of autumn, are transplanted into flower pots and brought into warm rooms.