Maranta tricolor (Maranta tricolor) is a popular at home decorative culture from the Maranta family. This relatively unpretentious close relative of Calathea has a high decorativeness, and its reproduction is not difficult even for beginner gardeners.
Characteristic and Description
Arrangement tricolor, or tricolor, is known to many gardeners under the name Arrowroot differently. Krasnoshilchata Yaili Maranta Fascinator. Highly decorative culture has pubescent oval foliage. The average sheet length can reach 10–13 cm with a standard average sheet plate width of 60 mm. The top side of the leaf plates has a light green or dark green color.
Characteristic is the presence of pronounced red veins. Light green spots are located along the central vein. Around the lateral veins are feather-like spots of dark green staining. The underside of the leaves has a decorative appearance. Their surface has attractive raspberry staining and pinkish veins. Flowering is relatively attractive. The flowers are composed of light lilac petals.
Boarding and transplanting
Not too demanding on the conditions of growing arrowroot, when planting or transplanting, it needs increased attention, as well as following the following simple recommendations:
- the drainage layer and a small amount of nutrient soil substrate are poured at the bottom of the flower pot;
- place the root system of a decorative indoor flower in a flower pot and carefully fill in the remaining soil between the root system and the walls of the planting container;
- fill the root system with soil and slightly tamp the top layer, after which relatively abundant watering should be carried out
Maranto tricolor does not need transplantation too often. Replacing the soil and flower pot takes about a year. Before removing the root system, the soil needs to be slightly moistened, which will facilitate the transplantation procedure by transshipment. If necessary, you can carefully remove the soil from the roots and carefully examine the underground part of the plant for damage by pathogenic microflora. All damaged areas need to be cut with clean sharp scissors or secateurs, and the sections should be dusted with chopped activated carbon. The most favorable time for transplanting a tropical perennial is March or April, until the activation of growth processes.
How to transplant an arrowroot tricolor (video)
Top dressing and watering
In the summer, a roomy arrowroot should be watered approximately every other day in order to maintain the soil in a stable moist state. Gulf of soil in a flower pot should not be allowed. In the late autumn and winter, the time interval between irrigation activities should be longer. As a rule, at this time of the year irrigation activities are carried out approximately once or twice a week. Soil in a flower pot must necessarily dry inland for a couple of centimeters.
It is not recommended to overfeed the room arrowroot tricolor with any type of fertilizer. In the spring-summer period, to feed the plant and feed the soil in a flower pot, a half dose of full fertilizer is used twice a month. In winter, indoor flowers are sometimes allowed to be fed a weak solution of fertilizer, but not more often than once a month.
Lighting and temperature
In the summer, providing a houseplant with sufficiently high humidity, the arrowroot tricolor can be grown at a temperature of 26-28aboutC, but the optimum temperature will be at the level of 20-25aboutC. It is important to remember that the arrowroot of this species is one of the few ornamental plants that prefer to grow in a light shade. In order for the indoor flower to have the brightest color of the foliage, it is not recommended to place it in too bright a light, but even in the darkening of the arrowroot, it will not be able to grow and develop well.
Of plant pests on a tropical popular perennial grown in indoor floriculture, it is most often parasitic spider mites. Quite easily, you can get rid of this parasite with a sponge or soft cloth dipped in a solution based on crushed laundry soap.
Reproduction of the arrowroot of a tri-color
A significant number of diseases affect the arrowroot tricolor when the cultivation technology is not followed. Any violations of the regime of irrigation measures and the temperature regime not too comfortable for the culture can negatively affect the appearance of the plant, reducing its decorative effect.
Of the most dangerous diseases for indoor exotics flower growers most often face root rot. Such diseases of the root system occur in cold rooms or as a result of excessive and too plentiful watering. In case of rot damage, it is important to carefully cut off all rotted shoots, remove the plant from the flower pot, inspect the root system and prune the affected roots. After such manipulations, the arrowroot is transplanted into a fresh soil mixture and a new flower pot or an old planting container, well washed in laundry soap or baking soda.
When drying or twisting foliage, you need to pay attention to the indicators of soil moisture, as well as evaluate the quality and nutritional composition of the soil substrate. It is possible that the plant suffers from a lack of moisture or nutrients. Blanching of foliage of a tropical culture is often the result of excessive exposure to direct sunlight, so the plant will need to be shaded or rearranged in a place with the most comfortable lighting conditions.
In home floriculture, reproduction of the tricolor arrowroot occurs through tuber division or cuttings.
Tuber division should be carried out in the process of the next transplantation. The extracted root system must be freed from the adhering soil, after which, with the help of a well-sharpened knife, the tuber is cut so that on each part there is a sufficient number of roots and shoots with leaves. Sections of sections are necessarily sprinkled with crushed charcoal. The resulting dividends are planted in the usual way in a nutrient soil substrate, after which they are watered with warm and settled water.
In order to improve and accelerate rooting, it is desirable to provide planted young plants with greenhouse conditions by covering the flower pot with a transparent plastic film with perforation holes. Further care consists in frequent watering, and after the appearance of young leaves, the shelter is removed.
How to plant trichromatic arrowroot cuttings (video)
When propagated by cuttings, an adult plant needs to carefully cut the cuttings that have three strong and healthy leaves. For rooting, a container filled with water is used. Before the roots appear, it is necessary to maintain the temperature regime at the level of 23-24 ° C. Cutting the tricolor arrowroot is best in the spring-summer period. Subject to technology, the roots appear after a month and a half, after which the plant can be planted in a permanent place in a flower pot filled with nutritious soil mixture based on peat.