In varietal abundance and variety of species, chrysanthemum bush occupies a very significant segment, due to the possibility of obtaining a full and very beautiful bouquet, consisting of only one flower branch.
Characterization of spray chrysanthemum
Bush chrysanthemum belongs to the family Astrovidae, or Compositae. Plant height can vary from 30 cm to 1.5 m. The range of colors and shades of the plant is very wide. Tubular flowers are yellow in color, and for reed flowers, white, yellow or pink are characteristic. There are even green flowers! Shrub chrysanthemums fully develop when grown in one site for no more than five years. Then the plant loses decorative qualities.
The best varieties
Currently, spray chrysanthemum is very popular among gardeners: it is unpretentious and very suitable for landscape design due to the variety of varieties and hybrid forms.
Chrysanthemums: care and reproduction (video)
Chrysanthemum Baltic (Baltica)
One of the most popular varieties that looks great in cut and is widely used in landscape design.
Optimist, or Optimist
The new Optimist anemone chrysanthemum attracts the attention of flower growers with its unusual flower structure and high decorativeness.
Saba, or Saba
A variety of chrysanthemums with this unusual name belongs to the category of flowering bush plants with dense carved leaves with deep longitudinal grooves. Saba is considered one of the brightest representatives of spray chrysanthemums due to its white-burgundy flowers, having incredibly beautiful tubular petals. This is a medium late flowering variety. The height of the bush is 110 cm, and the diameter of the flower is about 10 cm.
Mona Lisa, or Mona Lisa
Chrysanthemums of this variety look great both on their own in flower beds and in flower arrangements.
Green Bush Chrysanthemums
Shrub chrysanthemums of green color give the flower design an originality and significantly refresh any floral arrangement. To date, several such varieties have been bred.
Chrysanthemum Bush is a very photophilous plant. It is recommended to plant bushes in the southern areas of flower beds and flower beds. For preventive purposes, chrysanthemum bushes should be sprayed with a solution of phosphamide before planting, as well as before autumn digging.
Bush chrysanthemums prefer nutritious and loose soils. Insufficiently fertile soil must be fertilized. For this purpose, you can use rotted manure or peat. An overabundance of nutrients inhibits the formation of buds and flowering. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic.
It is advisable to plant chrysanthemums on a cloudy day. After planting, abundant watering is carried out, and if necessary, plants are shaded. Immediately after planting the bushes in the soil, it is necessary to pinch the plants (i.e. shorten the stems). 20 days after planting, repeated pinching of the bushes is carried out with breaking out the upper part of the stems together with a couple of nodes.
Care for bush chrysanthemum is standard and includes regular soil loosening, watering, systematic application of mineral and organic fertilizers.
At the beginning of the growing season, it is necessary to fertilize the chrysanthemum with complex fertilizers, and also make potash fertilizers a couple of times a season. It is possible to activate the growth of bushes with nitrogen fertilizers, and phosphorus and potassium top dressing are effective in the budding phase.
When forming a bush in spring, too long green shoots are subject to shortening, which allows you to get attractive, abundantly flowering plants.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries, but you must not dry or moisten the soil too much. After watering, loosening the soil and removing weeds from the flower bed or flower bed is carried out.
To protect against major pests and diseases, it is recommended to spray chrysanthemum bushes “Actellicus”, “Fufanon”, “Actara”, “Fitoverm”, “Iskra” or "Tanrekom."
Combination with other plants
Spray chrysanthemum is widely used in landscaping and landscape design. Autumn flowering plants blend beautifully with fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. Very often, chrysanthemums are planted against the background of tall perennials, such as rudbeckia, dahlias, echinacea purpurea, shrubby and English asters, and volzhanka. Also, chrysanthemum goes well in mixed plantings with ornamental cabbage. She looks very good and like a tapeworm on the lawn.
How to plant a chrysanthemum in spring (video)
Thus, bush chrysanthemum can be used in almost any type of flower decoration, including the design of rabatok and group plantings, and can also be used as a pot culture.