Garden strawberries for many gardeners - a real queen, who wants to be cherished and cherished. And if we talk about large-fruited varieties, we can at least talk about the imperial status of this culture on the site. To grow such a beauty in your garden from seeds or seedlings, and even collect several baskets of palm-sized berries is the embodiment of dreams for a keen gardener. With a proper approach to caring for strawberry plantation, the yield per square meter can reach up to 7 kg!
Large-fruited strawberries - what is it
The main question of novice gardeners regarding large-fruited garden strawberries is: "And what kind of wild strawberries can be attributed to large-fruited?". Of course, no one will announce the exact number in grams, however, large-fruited varieties include garden strawberries, whose berries weigh at least 30 g. Most large-fruited varieties are tied with berries weighing 55-70 g, and some of them give caring gardeners with giant fruits weighing 100 g or more.
The second feature that large-fruited strawberries have is an increased need for space, light, heat and nutrients. If one of these parameters is lacking, the berries will grow smaller from season to season, and soon a large-fruited variety will turn into a regular one - bringing medium or small strawberries.
Otherwise, this type of garden strawberry is not much different from its more modest in terms of the size of relatives. So, large-fruited strawberries can be early or late ripening, to form or not to form a mustache, to be remontant or ordinary, fruiting once. By the way, the most advanced gardeners successfully grow such "exotics" as climbing strawberries. True, advertising such varieties, manufacturers forget to indicate that it winds exclusively in the direction from top to bottom, and not vice versa, therefore it is more correct to call it ampelous.
Large-fruited garden strawberry: planting and care (video)
The best varieties of large-fruited strawberries
It is definitely impossible to say which varieties of large-fruited strawberries are the best. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. Among gardeners, one is famous for its record size or bizarre shape of berries, the other for its incredibly strong aroma or sweetness, while the third is appreciated for its long fruiting and decorative shrubs. As a rule, gardeners practice the cultivation of various varieties of large-fruited strawberries in order to feast on plenty of fresh berries, and make blanks, and photograph a record crop "for posterity".
Among the most popular varieties of large strawberries among gardeners are the following:
Planting methods for large-fruited strawberries
There are two ways to plant garden strawberries: seed and vegetative. It should immediately be noted that each method has its own characteristics. So, only a remontant varietal strawberry that grows in isolation from other varieties can be propagated by seeds. In this case, the seeds will fully retain the quality of the mother plant. Also, this method will be interesting to lovers of experiments with selection: pollinated varieties can give life to a new, more perfect, or, conversely, unsuccessful variety.
Planting with vegetative parts (mustache or horns) is suitable for propagation of hybrid varieties, since the seeds from plants of the first generation F1 do not retain the characteristics of the mother plant. It is suitable for the propagation of varietal wild strawberries.
When planting by seed method, the gardener should be ready for the long wait for the first fruiting, since the plants obtained by this method will bloom only in the third year of life. Growing young plants from seeds must begin in February. For sowing, it is recommended to take shallow plates equipped with drainage holes. A mixture of soil and sand is poured into them (2 to 1) and seeds are placed on its surface. Further, the soil surface is moistened from a sprayer, covered with a film or glass and placed in a bright and warm place. Periodically ventilate the container.
After 14 days, the first shoots appear. After the first real leaf has grown, seedlings are dived into new, separate pots with a depth of at least 7 cm. Illumination for young strawberries is a must! It is recommended to extend the daylight hours for seedlings up to 12-14 hours, as well as periodically feed it with a half dose of complex fertilizers for strawberries.
Under such conditions, seedlings will be quite large (3-5 leaves) after 4-5 months. In the summer, around the beginning of July, it can be planted in a permanent place.
Planting with vegetative parts
If planting with seeds implies an early planting, then the vegetative parts of strawberries can be propagated almost instantly. In order to obtain material suitable for planting, in the fall, the best adult plants are selected, and young plants formed on the mustache are taken from them. Planting material obtained by dividing mother plants into "horns" is also suitable for these purposes. After separation from the mother bush, the seedlings are immediately ready for planting.
The beds for them are prepared in advance, at least a month before planting. Responses of gardeners contain information that to improve the quality of the soil and better survival of planting material, you can not use not overripe organic matter.
Large strawberry care
Large-fruited strawberries need intensive care.
- Top dressing for it must be carried out at least once every 7 days. To do this, use an infusion of organics (weeds with the addition of potassium salt and superphosphate, mullein or bird droppings) or complex fertilizers for garden strawberries. Top dressing needs to be combined with watering.
- To form more ovaries in the spring, before flowering, it is sprayed with boric acid (half a teaspoon per liter of water). This stimulates the formation of more peduncles. At the very beginning of flowering, strawberries can be sprayed with a very weak solution of honey. This will attract pollinators to the insect plantation, which will also positively affect crop yields.
- Equally important for large-fruited strawberries is the loosening of the soil, which is combined with the removal of weeds. These operations need to be carried out several hours after watering. The need for these operations disappears when growing garden strawberries under a black film.
- In order to plant the winter better, they begin to feed them phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in September. At the onset of the first cold weather, moisture is charged and ash planted with dust.
How strawberries differ from strawberries (video)
Large-fruited strawberries can satisfy the need of summer residents for juicy and sweet berries for the whole year. Frozen, fresh and in jams, it is an excellent source of “living” vitamins and minerals.