Spathiphyllum or spathiphyllum, from the Latin Spathiphyllum, belongs to the genus of perennials and evergreens from the Aroid or Araceae family. Spathiphyllum Picasso is a popular ornamental plant and is often grown in indoor floriculture. According to signs, where spathiphyllum or "female happiness" grows, love and understanding always reign.
Spathiphyllum Picasso (Spathiphyllum Picasso) was bred from the Netherlands by breeders based on Spathiphyllum Wallis (Spathiphyllum Wallisii). The ornamental plant is characterized by a very spectacular appearance, due to the unusual coloring of the leaves. The variegated variety of foreign selection is distinguished by white staining of entire sectors of leaf plates. White and green spots on the leaves alternate unevenly and make each flower individual. It is simply impossible to find two plants with the same appearance. Also the peculiarity of the variety is a variegated unusual coloring of not only foliage, but also very elegant, with a pointed tip of the perianth.
The South American representative of the flora in vivo grows in tropical rainforests, as well as along water bodies. In Europe, only cultivated varieties that are very familiar with the driest climatic conditions have gained distribution. Unpretentiousness and undemanding care made most of the species of Spathiphyllum very popular in indoor floriculture. To get a houseplant with an attractive appearance and long flowering, you must follow the simple technology of planting and care.
Spathiphyllum: care and reproduction (video)
The simplest and most reliable way to propagate spathiphyllum is the division of an adult plant in the process of annual transplantation. It should be remembered that You can’t use too spacious a flower pot for planting, which can negatively affect the flowering of a room crop.
When planting, do not deepen the sheet outlet. The root system is quite fragile and delicate, which requires the most competent and careful transplantation. For cultivation, it is best to use a nutrient mixture based on compost humus, peat and river sand. The standard ratio of components is 2: 1: 1. The soil should be not only nutritious, but also with a slightly acid reaction. It is recommended to add chopped charcoal to the planting soil, which allows for high-quality disinfection of the soil substrate and prevents the development of the most common diseases. It is very important to provide the plant with good drainage.
Conducting proper and regular care for spathiphyllum is the basis for good growth and full development of the indoor flower:
- Spathiphyllum Picasso grows well in bright and scattered light with minimized exposure to direct sunlight on the aerial part;
- when growing a houseplant in partial shade, it is necessary to use additional illumination in the autumn-winter season;
- it is best to grow a houseplant on a western, southwest or southeast window;
- in the summer, it is recommended to protect spathiphyllum from the negative effects of direct sunlight;
- the optimal temperature conditions for growing Spathiphyllum Picasso are indicators at 18-24 ° C;
- carefully make sure that the temperature in the room is not lower than 15 and not higher than 32 degrees year-round;
- for full growth and development, the plant needs to create optimal moisture indicators - at the level of 40-50%;
- it is recommended to regularly spray the indoor flower in the summer every other day;
- twice a month, dust should be removed from the aerial part of the plant with a damp and soft cloth;
- the soil substrate should always be maintained in a sufficiently moist state;
- for irrigation, it is necessary to use settled water at room temperature;
- It is necessary to feed an indoor plant twice a month in the spring and summer using a liquid complex fertilizer diluted in a dosage of ½ of the amount indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
It is very important to conduct regular inspections of spathiphyllum, which will minimize the risk of damage to the houseplant by diseases or pests.
Spathiphyllum Picasso in the conditions of proper care will not cause the owner problems when growing. Most often, beginners or not very experienced gardeners encounter difficulties in cultivating a room culture of this variety. You can cope with them, knowing the characteristics of the plant:
- for flowering of spathiphyllum, diffused lighting, comfortable temperature indicators and the correct regime of irrigation measures are necessary;
- a significant amount of nitrogen-containing fertilizers activates the growth and development of green mass;
- the formation of buds and flowering requires the introduction of a sufficient amount of potash and phosphorus fertilizers;
- it is very important to choose the right volume of the planting container, as too large a flower pot can provoke a lack of flowering;
- dumping of old foliage as the houseplant grows and develops may result from problems with the root system;
- yellowing of the leaves is often the result of hypothermia and regular overmoistening of a houseplant;
- in dry air, the tips of the leaves can brown and dry out, so the plant needs regular spraying.
How to propagate spathiphyllum (video)
The higher the temperature in the room, the more often irrigation measures should be carried out. Caring for Spathiphyllum Picasso at home is not burdensome, and a healthy and unpretentious indoor plant can become a worthy decoration of the room.