Unpretentious spathiphyllum, or Spathiphyllum, has long earned well-deserved popularity in indoor floriculture in our country. Correct transplantation of spathiphyllum is a guarantee of maintaining the external attractiveness and health of the indoor plant.
How and when to transplant at home
Competent care for spathiphyllum, including timely watering, ensuring the necessary temperature and light conditions, allows for a room and decorative culture to grow correctly and quickly. Bushes in this case occupy almost the entire flower pot, and a well-developed root system can braid the entire soil. Spathiphyllums love tight planting containers and flower containers, but every three years, to obtain abundant flowering, it is imperative to transplant into large pots. The main reasons that make it necessary to transplant a plant at home are as follows:
- the plant does not enter flowering for a long time;
- the root system protrudes strongly from the soil in a flower pot;
- Spathiphyllum indoor flower has lowered leaves and has an unhealthy appearance;
- the plant is acquired in the so-called transportation soil.
It is very important after purchase to carefully push the curtain and conduct a thorough inspection of the lower leaves. A properly developing indoor flower does not have drying leaves. If there are deviations in the development of indoor decorative culture, including the presence of sluggish or faded leaves, then it is urgent to transplant the plant and provide it with better care.
Spathiphyllum transplantation is best done in the early spring, after the plant leaves the state of natural dormancy. However if necessary, a transplant can be carried out in the fall. In any case, it is very important to properly prepare the planting substrate, as well as to choose a quality flower pot that is optimally suitable for growing spathiphyllum.
Spatiffilum transplant (video)
Despite the fact that, most often, in the conditions of indoor plant growing, a ready-made planting soil is used, correctly prepared independently soil, which should have certain acidity indicators, as well as characterized by friability and sufficient fertility:
- for the cultivation of spathiphyllum, it is recommended to use light and loose soil with a slightly acid reaction;
- a good result is given when applying and planting Spathiphyllum universal mixture for cultivating aroids or flowering tropical crops with the addition of a small amount of sand;
- independent preparation of the soil involves mixing two parts of soddy soil with one part of leafy soil, one part of high peat and one part of coarse sand;
- it is recommended to add a small amount of crushed charcoal or brick chips to the soil mixture;
- to improve soil aeration and moisture absorption, it is advisable to supplement the nutrient substrate with additives such as crushed tree bark or coconut fiber.
It is very important to carry out high-quality soil disinfection. Such pre-planting preparation of the soil substrate reduces the risk of damage to the planted plant by pathogenic microflora. Disinfection can be carried out both by special preparations of a chemical nature, and by treatment at high temperature in an oven.
Choice of landing capacity
Spathiphyllum does not enter the flowering phase until the root system of the plant has fully mastered the entire volume of the flower pot. It is recommended to use for planting or replanting a room culture of Spathiphyllum low landing tanks, the diameter of which does not exceed 18−20 cm.
The material of the flower pot can be absolutely anything, but experienced amateur gardeners, who have cultivated such indoor culture as spathiphyllum for many years, traditionally prefer ceramics. The bottom of the flower pot must have relatively large drainage holes. Before filling the planting container with a properly disinfected soil substrate, it is mandatory to rinse well and treat it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
At the bottom of the flower pot, be sure to fill in a good layer of drainage, which protects the root system of the Spathiphyllum plant from rot damage. As a drainage layer, you can use almost any available material, including expanded clay, brick fight or pebbles. At the bottom of a new flower pot, which is quite close to a houseplant, one third of the total height needs to be filled with clean drainage, and then the prepared soil.
Extreme care must be taken with the roots of the plant, since the root system of Spathiphyllum is very delicate and does not respond well even to minor injuries. The survival rates of decorative culture entirely depend not only on proper planting, but also on adherence to further care technology.
Immediately after planting, the plant must be shed well with standing room temperature water. Spathiphyllum is undemanding and unpretentious in terms of growing conditions. Nonetheless, Compliance with growing technology allows you to get a highly decorative and abundantly flowering indoor plant:
- the temperature regime ideal for growth and development in summer and spring is approximately 22–23 ° С;
- in winter, at the resting phase of the decorative culture, it is recommended to adhere to a temperature of 15-16 ° C in the room;
- any varieties and forms of spathiphyllum do not tolerate drafts, which can cause not only diseases, but also the death of the plant;
- to maintain humidity conditions, spray water around a room culture or spray pebbles on which you want to place a flower pot;
- it is advisable to choose a place in the room where diffused sunlight will fall on the plant;
- top dressing with universal flower fertilizers is preferably carried out in the warm season once a week and about once a month in the winter;
- irrigation measures are carried out as the soil dries up in a flower pot, without overmoistening the soil.
How to care for spathiphyllum (video)
A set of care measures also involves the systematic inspection of a room culture, and, if necessary, the implementation of preventive spraying with special chemicals or folk remedies.