Varieties and types of chlorophytum for indoor cultivation


Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum) in our country is one of the most common indoor plants. The flower belongs to the family of asparagus, agave or lily. The main types and varieties of chlorophytum grown by domestic flower growers are distinguished by high decorative indicators and absolute unpretentiousness in care.

Botanical features and the birthplace of the plant

Currently, more than 200 species of chlorophytum are known. Under natural conditions, the flower grows in warm climatic conditions. His homeland is considered to be South Africa. Now the plant is widely distributed in the tropical zones of the Earth.

Chlorophytum is a grassy ornamental perennial with a short stem and tuberous root system. Leaves of the rosette type, oval or lanceolate. The flowers are white, medium-sized. In indoor floriculture, chlorophytum is used as an ampel plant, in single and group plantings.

Chlorophytum: plant characteristics (video)

Species and varieties

Widespread in indoor floriculture are several varieties of chlorophytum. Species and varieties of plants differ not only in shape and structure, but also in the main color of the leaves.

Among the most popular forms of chlorophytum cultivated in home floriculture, there are several varieties with excellent decorative qualities.

Most varieties and varieties form simple flowers of white color, and after flowering, air rosettes are formed, suitable for further propagation of a room crop.

Winged Chlorophytum and Laxum

It differs winged from its counterparts in appearance. Wide grooved leaves of a dark green hue, tapering in the upper and lower parts, come from the central part of a small outlet. Small stems are pinkish or orange. Shoots with flowering rosettes are short. If you want to keep bright shades of foliage, flower stalks must be removed. You can leave a few of them to get seeds. The decorative plant attracts attention with the contrast of dark green leaves and petioles of pinkish-orange hues. Among the winged chlorophytums there are many original and interesting varieties. For example, "green orange" attracts with a bright contrast of orange petioles and green leaves.

Chlorophytum "orange" characterized by wide leaves of dark color in combination with bright stems. Given the sensitivity of foliage to chemicals, you only need to till the soil, making sure that chemicals do not get on the leaf blades.

So that the chlorophytum "orange" does not lose color, it is necessary to select diffused lighting for it.

Laxum - This is a rather rare plant with narrow leaves that form a dense bunch. The edge of the leaf blade is bordered by a thin white stripe. Chlorophytum laxum does not reproduce by processes, but often pleases with the formation of inconspicuous white flowers.

A fairly simple home care allows you to grow many varieties of chlorophytum without any problems. Moderate temperature, adequate watering and diffused sunlight are ideal conditions that chlorophytum requires. It can withstand variable temperature conditions, dry days, direct sunlight, and a small amount or excess of minerals. However, it is better to avoid such extreme conditions, as they will certainly affect the appearance of the plant. In spring, you can feed the flower with complex fertilizer. It is recommended to transplant annually in early spring in spacious containers that allow the roots of the plant to grow.

Reviews and recommendations of flower growers

Especially popular is the novelty of the flower market - chlorophytum orchidastrum Green Orange. The Ocean variety, which is a compact bright bush with yellow-green leaves, is no less in demand. The real decoration of any flower collection will be the crested chlorophytum Ocean, as well as varieties Variegata and Lemon. Chlorophytum is characterized by rapid growth and is considered one of the most unpretentious indoor plants. However, in the summer, the flower requires abundant watering. According to experienced gardeners, windows directed east or west are best suited for growing indoor chlorophytum.

The plant needs bright, but diffused lighting. Variegated varieties of chlorophytum cannot be cultivated in the shade: due to a lack of lighting, the plant loses its decorative color.

Young plants need to be replanted annually, and adults - once every 2-3 years. Transplantation is carried out in late winter or early spring.

In spring and summer, small white flowers form on thin peduncles, and then rosettes, which can be separated from the parent plant and rooted.

Chlorophytum is called a "green room doctor": it helps to cleanse the air of harmful substances and improve indoor humidity, which partly explains its huge popularity.

Plants similar to chlorophytum

Quite often you can find decorative plants that resemble chlorophytum in appearance and are equally unpretentious in care.

It should be remembered that almost all heat-loving indoor crops need adequate lighting, but at the same time, some of them do not tolerate direct sunlight.

How to grow chlorophytum (video)

Most of the ornamental plants described are sold by the popular Flos company, which has worked well in indoor floriculture.