Roses is the collective name of all species and plant varieties belonging to the genus Rosehip or Rósa. In recent years, flower growers are increasingly cultivating border roses or Border Rose, which can be grown not only as a flowering garden crop, but also indoors.
Features and Benefits
Border roses are a very beautiful and fairly unpretentious species, which not only differs in a variety of varieties, but also is able to impress even the most sophisticated gardeners with its sophistication. The description and characteristics of such roses can have significant differences depending on the variety. The name of the species was obtained due to the ability to effectively decorate borders, discounts and miniature flower beds. Most often, such roses are planted near the path in the form of a decorative frame.
A distinctive species feature of such roses is a very plentiful and fairly long flowering, as well as the unusual shape of fluffy petals. Also, the characteristics of a border rose include the possibility of repeated flowering, sufficient frost resistance, unpretentiousness in planting and care.
Due to originality and high decorativeness, border roses are very highly appreciated by landscape designers. All varieties of border roses belong to the category of miniature bush ornamental plants, which makes them suitable not only for personal cultivation, but also for indoor floriculture.
Border roses: varieties (video)
The best varieties
The group of miniature border roses includes varieties with a wide variety of shades of flowers and various flowering abundance. Most of them belong to foreign breeding, but have proven themselves well when grown in the soil and climatic conditions of our country. All varieties are adapted for cultivation in Russia and successfully combine a high level of decorativeness and absolute unpretentiousness in care.
Planting a miniature border rose is not too complicated, but requires all conditions to be met:
- You can not plant in areas where before that for a long time rose bushes were grown;
- the landing area should be well-lit and not subject to the negative effects of strong winds;
- the most suitable time for planting a border rose is the beginning of spring, which will allow plants to take root well and easily tolerate winter frosts;
- the size of the planting pit should slightly exceed the diameter of the root system of the planted plant;
- at the bottom of the landing pit should be filled with a nutritious soil mixture with the addition of organic fertilizers;
- in the process of planting, it is necessary to carefully straighten the root system of the rose, and also to deepen the root neck of the plant by about 3-4 cm.
After planting, the soil should be carefully compacted, as well as an abundant watering of the ornamental plant.
Reproduction of border species is the same as in the cultivation of other varieties of roses. In the summer, a sufficient number of shoots are formed on the rose bushes that need to be cut into cuttings with a pair of buds, after which about 50% of the foliage should be removed. Before planting, the cuttings should be treated with a root stimulant.
Planting of cuttings is carried out with a slight slope and a distance of 20-30 cm. After planting, abundant watering should be carried out and plantings covered with polyethylene. After about a month and a half, rooted cuttings can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Despite the absolute unpretentiousness of plants, when growing border roses, you should adhere to the following care recommendations:
- the key to proper care is the competent pruning of rose bushes, which consists in the regular removal of all dry and damaged shoots, as well as the formation of the most attractive and decorative aerial parts;
- pruning roses should be extremely clean and sharp garden tools, which will prevent decay and damage by bacterial microflora sections of the cut;
- regular inspections of bushes for the presence of plant parasites or disease damage;
- in the spring, and if necessary throughout the entire growing season, rose bushes are treated with preventive and therapeutic insectofungicidal preparations of prolonged action;
- border roses need systematic, but not too plentiful irrigation measures;
- for irrigation, you should use standing water, warmed up in the sun;
- watering roses is carried out in the evening, strictly under the root, preventing water from entering the aerial part of the decorative culture;
- to feed several times a season, you need to use special complexes of fertilizers designed for roses or other flowering ornamental crops;
- a good result is achieved with autumn and early spring making compost, which is recommended to be laid around a decorative crop at the rate of 5-6 kg per square meter of flower bed.
Even frost-resistant varieties when grown in regions with adverse soil and climatic conditions need shelter for the winter period. It is best to use fir spruce branches or special covering garden materials for this purpose.
Border roses in landscaping
Miniature border roses are used to decorate home gardens. These very elegant, bright, but quite compact flowers can perfectly combine with different garden crops. Flower beds with border roses can have any design and shape.
Propagation of roses: cuttings (video)
You can plant a border of rose bushes near garden paths or stairs, as well as arrange flowering culture along recreation areas, gazebos or “dry streams”. Decorative flowering culture can be successfully combined with herbaceous perennials or bright summers. The final emphasis in border compositions can be not only low-growing border roses, but also such decorative shrubs as garden lingonberries, Japanese spirea and dwarf barberries.